The pig as a large preclinical model for therapeutic human anti-cancer vaccine development

Research output: Contribution to journalConference abstract in journal – Annual report year: 2016Researchpeer-review

View graph of relations

Development of therapeutic cancer vaccines has largely been based on rodent models and the majority failed to establish therapeutic responses in clinical trials. We therefore used pigs as a large animal model for human cancer vaccine development due to the large similarity between the porcine and human immunome. We administered peptides derived from porcine IDO, a cancer antigen important in human disease, formulated in Th1-inducing adjuvants to outbred pigs. By in silico prediction 136 candidate IDO-derived peptides were identified and peptide-SLA class I complex stability measurements revealed 89 stable (t½ ≥ 0.5 hour) complexes with expressed SLA alleles. By IFN-γ ELISpot we showed that it was possible to break the peripheral tolerance and induce a cell-mediated response to an endogenous antigen. Mounting a proper Th1 response is highly dependent on peptide dose; we therefore designed a dose titration study with 15 Göttingen minipigs receiving intraperitoneal injections of either 1 µg, 10 µg or 100 µg of 30-31mer peptides covering the majority of IDO-derived potential cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) epitopes. Peptides were formulated in CAF09, an adjuvant comprised of cationic DDA liposomes decorated with poly (I:C) and MMG as immune modulators. Interestingly, the 1 µg group was the only one showing responses to all immunization peptides following seven injections as determined by IFN-γ ELISpot. These data show that a reduction in dose can result in a highly specific Th1-biased response. To test the CTL functionality we designed an in vivo cytotoxicity assay, where purified autologous PBMCs fluorescently labelled and pulsed with IDO-derived target peptides were administered intravenously into each donor and killing capacity was measured by flow cytometry. All animals receiving 10 µg peptide immunizations showed specific killing of peptide-pulsed target cells one week post i.v. transfer with certain animals reaching close to 60% specific killing capacity in vivo.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Issue numberS1
Pages (from-to)1102-1102
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event ICI 2016 International Congress of Immunology - Melbourne, Australia
Duration: 21 Aug 201626 Aug 2016


Conference ICI 2016 International Congress of Immunology
Download as:
Download as PDF
Select render style:
Download as HTML
Select render style:
Download as Word
Select render style:

ID: 126902871