The pharmacodynamic effect of amoxicillin and danofloxacin against Salmonella typhimurium in an in-vitro pharmacodynamic model

R.H. Lindecrona, C. Friis, Frank Møller Aarestrup

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The pharmacodynamic effect of amoxicillin and danofloxacin against two strains of Salmonella typhimurium was examined in an in-vitro pharmacodynamic model. For amoxicillin, peak concentrations of 1, 2 and 4 mu g ml(-1) and half-lives (t(1/2) of 3 and 15 hours were evaluated. For danofloxacin peak concentrations of 0.25, 0.50 and 1.50 mu g ml(-1) and half-lives of 7 and 15 hours were examined. For amoxicillin both the peak concentration and the half-life influenced the pharmacodynamic effect (P <0.001). Maximal pharmacodynamic effect was observed when the antibiotic concentration was greater than minimum inhibitory concentration for 79 per cent or more of the dosing interval. The hires of the isolates increased when the amoxicillin concentrations were close to the nac during the first hours of exposure. For danofloxacin the pharmacodynamic effect was dependent on the peak concentration only (P <0.001). Increases in MIC were found in two cases with the less susceptible strain, where peak concentration/MIC ratios were equal to or less than 4.
Original languageEnglish
JournalResearch in Veterinary Science
Volume68
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)261-264
ISSN0034-5288
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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