The Perdigão: Peering into Microscale Details of Mountain Winds

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article – Annual report year: 2019Researchpeer-review

DOI

  • Author: Fernando, H. J. S.

    University of Notre Dame, United States

  • Author: Mann, Jakob

    Meteorology & Remote Sensing, Department of Wind Energy, Technical University of Denmark, Frederiksborgvej 399, DK-4000, Roskilde, Denmark

  • Author: Palma, José Manuel L. M.

    University of Porto, Portugal

  • Author: Lundquist, J. K.

    University of Colorado, United States

  • Author: Barthelmie, Rebecca Jane

    Cornell University, United States

  • Author: BeloPereira, M.

    Portuguese Institute for the Sea and Atmosphere, Portugal

  • Author: Brown, W.O.J.

    National Center for Atmospheric Research, United States

  • Author: Chow, F.K.

    University of California at Berkeley, United States

  • Author: Gerz, Thomas

    Deutsches Zentrum Für Luft- und Raumfahrt, Germany

  • Author: Hocut, C.M.

    United States Army Research Laboratory, United States

  • Author: Klein, Petra M.

    University of Oklahoma, United States

  • Author: Leo, L.S.

    University of Notre Dame, United States

  • Author: Matos, José Carlos

  • Author: Oncley, S.P.

    National Center for Atmospheric Research, United States

  • Author: Pryor, S. C.

    Cornell University, United States

  • Author: Bariteau, L.

    NOAA

  • Author: Bell, T.M.

    University of Oklahoma, United States

  • Author: Bodini, N.

    University of Colorado Boulder, United States

  • Author: Carney, M.B.

    University of Oklahoma, United States

  • Author: Courtney, M.S.

    Test and Measurements, Department of Wind Energy, Technical University of Denmark, Frederiksborgvej 399, 4000, Roskilde, Denmark

  • Author: Creegan, E.D.

    United States Army Research Laboratory, United States

  • Author: Dimitrova, R.

    University of Notre Dame, United States

  • Author: Gomes, Sean

    Portuguese Institute for the Sea and Atmosphere, Portugal

  • Author: Hagen, Marie

    Deutsches Zentrum Für Luft- und Raumfahrt, Germany

  • Author: Hyde, J.O.

    University of Notre Dame, United States

  • Author: Kigle, S.

    Deutsches Zentrum Für Luft- und Raumfahrt, Germany

  • Author: Krishnamurthy, Ram

    University of Notre Dame, United States

  • Author: Canongia Lopes, Jose N.

    University of Porto, Portugal

  • Author: Mazzaro, L.

    University of Colorado Boulder, United States

  • Author: Neher, J.M.T.

    University of California at Berkeley, United States

  • Author: Menke, Robert

    Meteorology & Remote Sensing, Department of Wind Energy, Technical University of Denmark, Frederiksborgvej 399, 4000, Roskilde, Denmark

  • Author: Murphy, P.

    University of Colorado Boulder, United States

  • Author: Oswald, L.

    Deutsches Zentrum Für Luft- und Raumfahrt, Germany

  • Author: Otarola-Bustos, S.

    University of Notre Dame, United States

  • Author: Pattantyus, A.K.

    United States Army Research Laboratory, United States

  • Author: Veiga Rodrigues, C.

    University of Porto, Portugal

  • Author: Schady, A.

    Deutsches Zentrum Für Luft- und Raumfahrt, Germany

  • Author: Sirin, N.

    University of Notre Dame, United States

  • Author: Spuler, Scott

    National Center for Atmospheric Research, United States

  • Author: Svensson, E.

    Meteorology & Remote Sensing, Department of Wind Energy, Technical University of Denmark, Frederiksborgvej 399, 4000, Roskilde, Denmark

  • Author: Tomaszewski, J. M.

    University of Colorado Boulder, United States

  • Author: Turner, D.

    NOAA, United States

  • Author: van Veen, L.

    University of California at Berkeley, United States

  • Author: Vasiljević, N.

    Meteorology & Remote Sensing, Department of Wind Energy, Technical University of Denmark, Frederiksborgvej 399, 4000, Roskilde, Denmark

  • Author: Vassallo, D.

    University of Notre Dame, United States

  • Author: Voß, Stefan

    University of Oldenburg, Germany

  • Author: Wildmann, N.

    Deutsches Zentrum Für Luft- und Raumfahrt, Germany

  • Author: Wang, Y.

    United States Army Research Laboratory, United States

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A grand challenge from the wind energy industry is to provide reliable forecasts on mountain winds several hours in advance at microscale (∼100m) resolution. This requires better microscale wind energy physics included in forecasting tools, for which field observations are imperative. While mesoscale (∼ 1 km) measurements abound, microscale processes are not monitored in practice nor do plentiful measurements exist at this scale. After a decade of preparation, a group of European and US collaborators conducted a field campaign during May 01 – June 15, 2017 in Vale Cobrão in central Portugal to delve into microscale processes in complex terrain. This valley is nestled within a parallel double ridge near the town of Perdigão with dominant wind climatology normal to the ridges, offering a nominally simple yet natural setting for fundamental studies. The dense instrument ensemble deployed covered a ∼ 4 x 4 km swath horizontally and ∼ 10 km kilometers vertically, with measurement resolutions of tens of meters and seconds. Meteorological data were collected continuously, capturing multiscale flow interactions from synoptic to microscales, diurnal variability, thermal circulation, turbine wake and acoustics, waves and turbulence. Particularly noteworthy are the extensiveness of the instrument array, space-time scales covered, use of leading edge multiple-lidar technology alongside conventional tower and remote sensors, fruitful cross-Atlantic partnership, and adaptive management of the campaign. Preliminary data analysis uncovered interesting new phenomena. All data are being archived for public use.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Volume100
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)799-820
Number of pages22
ISSN0003-0007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

ID: 163309869