The parabolic equation method for outdoor sound propagation

Marta Galindo Arranz

    Research output: Book/ReportBookResearchpeer-review


    The parabolic equation method is a versatile tool for outdoor sound propagation. The present study has focused on the Cranck-Nicolson type Parabolic Equation method (CNPE). Three different applications of the CNPE method have been investigated. The first two applications study variations of the ground in a homogeneous atmosphere. Propagation of sound above a mixed impedance ground and up-slope sound propagation is investigated. In the third application the influence of the atmosphere is studied, characterized and implemented in the CNPE-model. The refraction of the sound due to the wind and temperature gradients and the scattering due to the turbulence of the atmosphere are taken into account in the calculations.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationLyngby, Denmark
    PublisherDepartment of Acoustic Technology, Technical University of Denmark
    Number of pages163
    Publication statusPublished - 1996

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