The Numerical Model of Electrothermal Deformations of Carbides in Bearing Steel as the Possible Cause of White Etching Cracks Initiation

Mihails Scepanskis, Andris Jakovics, Imants Kaldre, Walter Holweger, Bernard Nacke, Annika Martina Diederichs

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Despite the ongoing debates on influence of hydrogen uptake and penetration in the steel, pulsed and extraordinary fatigue on white etching cracks (WEC)formation in bearing steel SAE52100, the present paper proposes an alternative hypothesis on electrothermal initiation of the WEC. The hypothesis points to differences between electrical and thermal properties of elements of steel microstructure that lead sequentially to redistribution of current, resistivity heating, thermal expansion and deformations of the carbide particle. Appearance of a nano-void is also predicted by the model in the cases of the martensite and the bainite structures. The model also predicts higher probability of the WEC formation for the bainitic steel.
Original languageEnglish
Article number37
JournalTribology Letters
Volume59
Number of pages10
ISSN1023-8883
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bearing
  • White etching cracks
  • Steel
  • Electric current
  • Deformation
  • Carbide

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