The normalization of surface anisotropy effects present in SEVIRI reflectances by using the MODIS BRDF method

Simon Richard Proud, Qingling Zhang, Crystal Schaaf, Rasmus Fensholt, Mads Olander Rasmussen, Chris Shisanya, Wycliffe Mutero, Cheikh Mbow, Assaf Anyamba, Ed Pak, Inge Sandholt

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


A modified version of the MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) algorithm is presented for use in the angular normalization of surface reflectance data gathered by the Spinning Enhanced Visible and InfraRed Imager (SEVIRI) aboard the geostationary Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) satellites. We present early and provisional daily nadir BRDF-adjusted reflectance (NBAR) data in the visible and near-infrared MSG channels. These utilize the high temporal resolution of MSG to produce BRDF retrievals with a greatly reduced acquisition period than the comparable MODIS products while, at the same time, removing many of the angular perturbations present within the original MSG data. The NBAR data are validated against reflectance data from the MODIS instrument and in situ data gathered at a field location in Africa throughout 2008. It is found that the MSG retrievals are stable and are of high-quality across much of the SEVIRI disk while maintaining a higher temporal resolution than the MODIS BRDF products. However, a number of circumstances are discovered whereby the BRDF model is unable to function correctly with the SEVIRI observations - primarily because of an insufficient spread of angular data due to the fixed sensor location or localized cloud contamination. © 1980-2012 IEEE.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)6026-6039
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Angular effects
  • Anisotropy
  • Bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF)
  • Land surface reflectance
  • Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) Spinning Enhanced Visible and InfraRed Imager (SEVIRI)
  • MODerate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS)

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