The Modular Multispectral Imaging Array (MMIA) of the ASIM Payload on the International Space Station

Olivier Chanrion*, Torsten Neubert, Ib Lundgaard Rasmussen, Christian Stoltze, Denis Tcherniak, Niels Christian Jessen, Josef Polny, Peter Brauer, Jan E. Balling, Steen Savstrup Kristensen, Søren Forchhammer, Peter Hofmeyer, Peter Davidsen, Ole Mikkelsen, Dennis Bo Hansen, Dan Bhanderi, Carsten Lunde Petersen, Mark Lorenzen

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The Modular Multispectral Imaging Array (MMIA) is a suite of optical sensors mounted on an external platform of the European Space Agency’s Columbus Module on the International Space Station. The MMIA, together with the Modular X- and Gamma- ray Sensor (MXGS), are the two main instruments forming the Atmosphere-Space Interactions Monitor (ASIM). The primary scientific objectives of the ASIM mission are to study thunderstorm electrical activity such as lightning, Transient Luminous Emissions (TLEs) and Terrestrial Gamma-ray Flashes (TGFs) by observing the associated emissions in the UV, near-infrared, x- and gamma-ray spectral bands. The MMIA includes two cameras imaging in 337 nm and 777.4 nm, at up to 12 frames per second, and three high-speed photometers at 180–230 nm, 337 nm and 777.4 nm, sampling at rates up to 100 kHz. The paper describes the MMIA and the aspects that make it an essential tool for the study of thunderstorms. The mission architecture is described in Neubert et al. (Space Sci. Rev. 215:26, 2019, this issue) and the MXGS instruments in Østgaard et al. (Space Sci. Rev. 215:23, 2019, this issue).
Original languageEnglish
JournalSpace Science Reviews
Volume215
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)1-25
ISSN0038-6308
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Keywords

  • Transient luminous events
  • Space observing system

Cite this

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title = "The Modular Multispectral Imaging Array (MMIA) of the ASIM Payload on the International Space Station",
abstract = "The Modular Multispectral Imaging Array (MMIA) is a suite of optical sensors mounted on an external platform of the European Space Agency’s Columbus Module on the International Space Station. The MMIA, together with the Modular X- and Gamma- ray Sensor (MXGS), are the two main instruments forming the Atmosphere-Space Interactions Monitor (ASIM). The primary scientific objectives of the ASIM mission are to study thunderstorm electrical activity such as lightning, Transient Luminous Emissions (TLEs) and Terrestrial Gamma-ray Flashes (TGFs) by observing the associated emissions in the UV, near-infrared, x- and gamma-ray spectral bands. The MMIA includes two cameras imaging in 337 nm and 777.4 nm, at up to 12 frames per second, and three high-speed photometers at 180–230 nm, 337 nm and 777.4 nm, sampling at rates up to 100 kHz. The paper describes the MMIA and the aspects that make it an essential tool for the study of thunderstorms. The mission architecture is described in Neubert et al. (Space Sci. Rev. 215:26, 2019, this issue) and the MXGS instruments in {\O}stgaard et al. (Space Sci. Rev. 215:23, 2019, this issue).",
keywords = "Transient luminous events, Space observing system",
author = "Olivier Chanrion and Torsten Neubert and Rasmussen, {Ib Lundgaard} and Christian Stoltze and Denis Tcherniak and Jessen, {Niels Christian} and Josef Polny and Peter Brauer and Balling, {Jan E.} and Kristensen, {Steen Savstrup} and S{\o}ren Forchhammer and Peter Hofmeyer and Peter Davidsen and Ole Mikkelsen and {Bo Hansen}, Dennis and Dan Bhanderi and Petersen, {Carsten Lunde} and Mark Lorenzen",
note = "This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.",
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language = "English",
volume = "215",
pages = "1--25",
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The Modular Multispectral Imaging Array (MMIA) of the ASIM Payload on the International Space Station. / Chanrion, Olivier; Neubert, Torsten; Rasmussen, Ib Lundgaard; Stoltze, Christian; Tcherniak, Denis; Jessen, Niels Christian; Polny, Josef; Brauer, Peter; Balling, Jan E.; Kristensen, Steen Savstrup; Forchhammer, Søren; Hofmeyer, Peter; Davidsen, Peter; Mikkelsen, Ole; Bo Hansen, Dennis; Bhanderi, Dan; Petersen, Carsten Lunde; Lorenzen, Mark.

In: Space Science Reviews, Vol. 215, No. 4, 2019, p. 1-25.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Chanrion, Olivier

AU - Neubert, Torsten

AU - Rasmussen, Ib Lundgaard

AU - Stoltze, Christian

AU - Tcherniak, Denis

AU - Jessen, Niels Christian

AU - Polny, Josef

AU - Brauer, Peter

AU - Balling, Jan E.

AU - Kristensen, Steen Savstrup

AU - Forchhammer, Søren

AU - Hofmeyer, Peter

AU - Davidsen, Peter

AU - Mikkelsen, Ole

AU - Bo Hansen, Dennis

AU - Bhanderi, Dan

AU - Petersen, Carsten Lunde

AU - Lorenzen, Mark

N1 - This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

PY - 2019

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N2 - The Modular Multispectral Imaging Array (MMIA) is a suite of optical sensors mounted on an external platform of the European Space Agency’s Columbus Module on the International Space Station. The MMIA, together with the Modular X- and Gamma- ray Sensor (MXGS), are the two main instruments forming the Atmosphere-Space Interactions Monitor (ASIM). The primary scientific objectives of the ASIM mission are to study thunderstorm electrical activity such as lightning, Transient Luminous Emissions (TLEs) and Terrestrial Gamma-ray Flashes (TGFs) by observing the associated emissions in the UV, near-infrared, x- and gamma-ray spectral bands. The MMIA includes two cameras imaging in 337 nm and 777.4 nm, at up to 12 frames per second, and three high-speed photometers at 180–230 nm, 337 nm and 777.4 nm, sampling at rates up to 100 kHz. The paper describes the MMIA and the aspects that make it an essential tool for the study of thunderstorms. The mission architecture is described in Neubert et al. (Space Sci. Rev. 215:26, 2019, this issue) and the MXGS instruments in Østgaard et al. (Space Sci. Rev. 215:23, 2019, this issue).

AB - The Modular Multispectral Imaging Array (MMIA) is a suite of optical sensors mounted on an external platform of the European Space Agency’s Columbus Module on the International Space Station. The MMIA, together with the Modular X- and Gamma- ray Sensor (MXGS), are the two main instruments forming the Atmosphere-Space Interactions Monitor (ASIM). The primary scientific objectives of the ASIM mission are to study thunderstorm electrical activity such as lightning, Transient Luminous Emissions (TLEs) and Terrestrial Gamma-ray Flashes (TGFs) by observing the associated emissions in the UV, near-infrared, x- and gamma-ray spectral bands. The MMIA includes two cameras imaging in 337 nm and 777.4 nm, at up to 12 frames per second, and three high-speed photometers at 180–230 nm, 337 nm and 777.4 nm, sampling at rates up to 100 kHz. The paper describes the MMIA and the aspects that make it an essential tool for the study of thunderstorms. The mission architecture is described in Neubert et al. (Space Sci. Rev. 215:26, 2019, this issue) and the MXGS instruments in Østgaard et al. (Space Sci. Rev. 215:23, 2019, this issue).

KW - Transient luminous events

KW - Space observing system

U2 - 10.1007/s11214-019-0593-y

DO - 10.1007/s11214-019-0593-y

M3 - Journal article

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SN - 0038-6308

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