the Martian atmospheric boundary layer

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article – Annual report year: 2011Researchpeer-review

  • Author: Petrosyan, A.

    Russian Academy of Sciences

  • Author: Galperin, B.

    University of South Florida

  • Author: Larsen, Søren Ejling

    Meteorology, Wind Energy Division, Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark, 4000, Roskilde, Denmark

  • Author: Lewis, S.R.

    The Open University

  • Author: Määttänen, A.

    Université de Versailles-Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines

  • Author: Read, P.L.

    University of Oxford

  • Author: Renno, N.

    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

  • Author: Rogberg, L.P.H.T.

    University of Oxford

  • Author: Savijrvi, H.

    University of Helsinki

  • Author: Siili, T.

    Finnish Meteorological Institute

  • Author: Spiga, A.

    The Open University

  • Author: Toigo, A.

    Johns Hopkins University

  • Author: Vazquez, A.

    Complutense University

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The planetary boundary layer (PBL) represents the part of the atmosphere that is strongly influenced by the presence of the underlying surface and mediates the key interactions between the atmosphere and the surface. On Mars, this represents the lowest 10 km of the atmosphere during the daytime. This portion of the atmosphere is extremely important, both scientifically and operationally, because it is the region within which surface lander spacecraft must operate and also determines exchanges of heat, momentum, dust, water, and other tracers between surface and subsurface reservoirs and the free atmosphere. To date, this region of the atmosphere has been studied directly, by instrumented lander spacecraft, and from orbital remote sensing, though not to the extent that is necessary to fully constrain its character and behavior. Current data strongly suggest that as for the Earth's PBL, classical Monin-Obukhov similarity theory applies reasonably well to the Martian PBL under most conditions, though with some intriguing differences relating to the lower atmospheric density at the Martian surface and the likely greater role of direct radiative heating of the atmosphere within the PBL itself. Most of the modeling techniques used for the PBL on Earth are also being applied to the Martian PBL, including novel uses of very high resolution large eddy simulation methods. We conclude with those aspects of the PBL that require new measurements in order to constrain models and discuss the extent to which anticipated missions to Mars in the near future will fulfill these requirements.
Original languageEnglish
JournalReviews of Geophysics
Volume49
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)RG3005
ISSN8755-1209
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

    Research areas

  • Wind power meteorology
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