The IWA Anaerobic digestion model no 1. (ADM1)

Damien J. Batstone, J. Keller, Irini Angelidaki, S.V. Kalyuzhny, S.G. Pavlostathis, A. Rozzi, W.T.M. Sanders, H. Siegrist, V.A. Vavilin

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


The IWA Anaerobic Digestion Modelling Task Group was established in 1997 at the 8th World Congress on Anaerobic Digestion (Sendai, Japan) with the goal of developing a generalised anaerobic digestion model. The structured model includes multiple steps describing biochemical as well as physicochemical processes. The biochemical steps include disintegration from homogeneous particulates to carbohydrates, proteins and lipids; extracellular hydrolysis of these particulate substrates to sugars, amino acids, and long chain fatty acids (LCFA), respectively; acidogenesis from sugars and amino acids to volatile fatty acids (VFAs) and hydrogen; acetogenesis of LCFA and VFAs to acetate; and separate methanogenesis steps from acetate and hydrogen/CO2. The physico-chemical equations describe ion association and dissociation, and gas-liquid transfer. Implemented as a differential and algebraic equation (DAE) set, there are 26 dynamic state concentration variables, and 8 implicit algebraic variables per reactor vessel or element. Implemented as differential equations (DE) only, there are 32 dynamic concentration state variables.
Original languageEnglish
JournalWater Science and Technology
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)65-73
Publication statusPublished - 2002


  • acidogenesis
  • Acetogenesis
  • model
  • ADM1
  • methanogenesis
  • anaerobic digestion
  • hydrolysis
  • VFA
  • kinetics

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