The influence of small amounts of shear reinforcement on the shear-transferring mechanisms in RC beams: An analysis based on refined experimental measurements

Frederik Autrup*, Henrik Brøner Jørgensen, Linh Cao Hoang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Small amounts of shear reinforcement are often assumed to increase the shear capacity of RC beams, compared to an identical beam without shear reinforcement. However, in a recent experimental campaign, the shear capacity of beams with a shear reinforcement ratio below the minimum requirements according to the design standards turned out to be similar to identical beams without shear reinforcement. This paper presents a detailed analysis of why the shear capacity may be similar for beams without- and beams with small amounts of shear reinforcement. This includes the influence of small amounts of shear reinforcement on the shear behaviour and shear-transferring mechanisms. The analysis shows that the crack development is more severe at the ultimate load for beams with a small amount of shear reinforcement compared to beams without shear reinforcement. This more severe crack development is shown to cause an overestimation of the shear contribution from aggregate interlock when applying a well-known constitutive model often used for beams without shear reinforcement. Therefore, a new expression for the aggregate interlock stresses is proposed. A comparison of the proposed expression with Mixed-Mode crack opening tests shows a good agreement with the test for both small and large crack openings. By applying the proposed expression on the measured crack kinematics it is shown that for a large shear contribution from aggregate interlock the shear contribution from the shear reinforcement is very limited and as the aggregate interlock stresses decrease the shear contribution from the shear reinforcement increases. This shift in the governing shear-transferring mechanism can help to improve the requirements for the minimum shear reinforcement often found in the design standards.
Original languageEnglish
JournalStructural Concrete
Volume24
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)2844-2861
ISSN1464-4177
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Digital image correlation
  • Experimental programme
  • Reinforced concrete
  • Shear
  • Shear-transfer actions

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