The Influence of Oxide on the Electrodeposition of Niobium from Alkali Fluoride Melts

Erik Christensen, Xingdong Wang, Jens H. Von Barner, T. Østvold, Niels Bjerrum

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Abstract

Electrodeposit of niobium metal from K2NbF7-LiF-NaF-KF-Na2O melts at 700-degrees-C has been investigated. It was found that the equilibrium oxidation state of niobium was four for initial O2-/Nb(V) ratios of up to at least one. On the other hand when a niobium metal sheet was used for the reduction, average oxidation states close to five were obtained. Cyclic voltammetry showed that NbF72- is reduced in two steps. A mechanism Nb(V) --> Nb(IV) --> Nb(0) is proposed. When oxide is present, new waves due to reduction of niobium mono-oxofluoro and dioxofluoro complexes are observed at -0.6 and -0.74 V, respectively. In addition plating experiments were also performed. The substrates in our work were low-carbon steel, the anodes niobium metal, and the current density was around 90 mA/cm2. It was found that the presence of at least 1 mole percent of oxide was necessary to obtain current efficiencies higher than 30%. The highest current efficiencies obtained were around 95%. For oxide/Nb(V) molar ratios equal to or higher than one, partially nonmetallic surface layers were deposited.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of The Electrochemical Society
Volume141
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)1212-1220
ISSN0013-4651
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994

Bibliographical note

Copyright The Electrochemical Society, Inc. [1994]. All rights reserved. Except as provided under U.S. copyright law, this work may not be reproduced, resold, distributed, or modified without the express permission of The Electrochemical Society (ECS).

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