The influence of heat source distribution on the space cooling load oriented to local thermal requirements

Chao Liang, Arsen Krikor Melikov, Xianting Li*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Existing studies have shown that the space cooling load oriented to local thermal requirements is significantly influenced by different heat source distributions. However, numerical methods have been mainly used in the analysis based on a fixed airflow field and ignoring the thermal plume. Here, an experiment in a chamber with mixing ventilation was conducted. The heat sources were simulated by metal barrels and an oil-filled radiator, 13 types of heat source distributions were designed and the local cooling load (LCL) was used as the evaluation index. The results show that (1) the LCL is equal to the total amount of heat sources at the steady state in a room with mixing ventilation only if the heat sources are also distributed uniformly; (2) the LCL decreases with a decrease in the intensity of heat sources, achieving a decrease rate of 47.4%–70.8% in the experiment with different intensities; (3) the LCL is 9.2%–22.3% lower than the total amount of heat sources when these are located near the exhaust diffuser or far away from the target zone; (4) owing to its smaller surface area, the LCL with an oil-filled radiator is 7% lower than that with five metal barrels.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIndoor and Built Environment
Number of pages14
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020


  • Heat source
  • Local coolig load
  • Thermal environment
  • Mixing ventilation
  • Temperature distribution
  • Thermal plume

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