The Influence of Different Apple Based Supplements on the Intestinal Microbiota of Humans.

Anders Bergström, Andrea Wilcks, Gitte Ravn-Haren, Lars O. Dragsted, J Markowski, Tine Rask Licht

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


Background and objective: The present project is part of the large ISAFRUIT project, where one of the objectives is to identify effects of apple and apple product on parameters related to gut health. In a previous rat study we observed changes in the intestinal microbiota of rats fed whole apples, pomace or apple pectin ([1], and we were interested in finding out if the same effect can be observed in humans. Method: The study was conducted as a randomized, controlled 5 x 28 days cross-over study with 24 healthy persons of both genders. The persons were following a pectin- and polyphenol free restriction diet during the control period, and in the four other periods it was supplied with four different apple based supplements. Between the diets there was a 2-week wash-out period still on the restriction diet. The four apple based supplements were: 1) whole apples, 2) clear apple juice (pectin-free), 3) cloudy juice (apple juice with pulp), and 4) pomace (press cake from the cloudy juice production process). Fecal samples were taken before and after each diet period. After DNA extraction, Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE) with universal primers and specific primers for bifidobacteria and Clostridium cluster XIVa was performed. Bands differing between the periods were sequenced, and qPCR was performed to verify the changes observed by DGGE. Results: Changes in the microbiota was observed by DGGE in persons consuming whole apples and pomace. In contrast, the two juice supplements did not show any effect on the microbiota by DGGE. Conclusion: Consumption of whole apples or pomace is able to modify the intestinal microbiota of humans.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication28th International Horticultural Congress : Book of abstracts
Number of pages150
VolumeSymposia 11 (S11)
Publication date2010
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Event28th International Horticultural Congress - Lisabon, Portugal
Duration: 22 Aug 201027 Aug 2010
Conference number: 28


Conference28th International Horticultural Congress
Internet address


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