This paper describes the influence of design characteristics on the statistical inference for an ecotoxicological hazard-based model using simulated survival data. The design characteristics of interest are the number and spacing of observations (counts) in time, the number and spacing of exposure concentrations (within c(min) and c(max)), and the initial number of individuals at time 0 in each concentration. A comparison of the coverage probabilities for confidence limits arising from the profile-likelihood approach and the Wald-based approach is carried out. The Wald-based approach is very sensitive to the choice of design characteristics, whereas the profile-likelihood approach is more robust and unbiased. Special attention is paid to estimating a parametric no-effect concentration in realistic small-sample situations since this is the most interesting parameter from an environmental protection point of view.
|Journal||Journal of Agricultural Biological and Environmental Statistics|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
- large-sample theory
- no-effect concentration
- profile likelihood
- small samples