The Importance of Deposition for Individual and Collective Doses in Connection with Routine Releases from Nuclear Power Plants

Søren Thykier-Nielsen, Søren Ejling Larsen

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    Abstract

    Deposition velocities, vD, and wash-out coefficients, lg, to be used in different velocity- and Pasquill classes in Denmark are estimated.

    The estimated vD's describe the maximum dry deposition possible, as the surface is assumed a perfect absorber in the considerations. The lg-values are found corresponding to the average rain intensity, when it rains, within each Pasquill class and apply for materials which dissolve rapidly in water. The estimated parameter values were used as central values in a parameter study as follows. 

    For four different deposition cases and two release heights the committed effective dose equivalent (individual and collective) from a postulated annual routine release to the atmosphere has been calculated. An increase of the deposition parameters by more than one order of magnitude was found to have
    negligible influence on the total committed effective dose equivalent. However, the choice of deposition parameters was found to be of major importance for the assessment of the surface contamination and thus the radiological consequences
    of airborne routine releases.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationRoskilde, Denmark
    PublisherRisø National Laboratory
    Number of pages56
    ISBN (Print)87-550-0635-3
    Publication statusPublished - 1982
    SeriesRisø-M
    Number2205
    ISSN0418-6435

    Keywords

    • Risø-M-2205
    • BWR type reactors
    • Deposition
    • Fission products
    • Fission product release
    • Meteorology
    • Radiation doses
    • Washout

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