Action-orientation is portrayed as key for entrepreneurship. To understand the conditions under which action-orientation is indeed favourable for entrepreneurs, we introduce the personality-systems-interaction (PSI) theory to entrepreneurship research. PSI theory distinguishes action- versus state-orientation and explains how both dispositions influence an entrepreneur’s cognition (including goals), emotional reactions and the resulting behaviour. It provides a novel basis for understanding individual differences in persistence and progression through the venture creation process. Based on the tenets of PSI theory, we develop propositions to explain how action-oriented versus state-oriented individuals respond differently to the demands of the entrepreneurial process.
- Affective self-regulation
- Entrepreneurial process
- Personality-systems-interaction theory
Lomberg, C., Thiel, J., & Steffens, P. (2019). The hare and the tortoise: The impact of action- versus state-orientation on entrepreneurial progress and persistence. International Small Business Journal, 37(6), 604-625. https://doi.org/10.1177/0266242619836615