The Grocery Sector from the 1960s to the Present: A Case Study of the Introduction of Cars in Denmark

Kaj Jørgensen

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    This paper investigates the environmental consequences of the Danish rocery distribution, covering the development from the 1950s to the present. The large-scale introduction of the automobile took place during this period and this played a vital role in the shaping of the development. Hence, the paper serves as a case study of the introduction of the motor vehicle in Denmark. Both the supply of goods to the retail outlets (the wholesale side) and the shopping transport are covered. The period covered has seen both a profound restructuring of the grocery sector structure (incl. a reduction of the retail shops by some 60%) and a complete change in shopping patterns. The transport demand for grocery shopping has grown 3.8 times, while freight transport of groceries has tripled. Fuel consumption and CO2-emissions are about 2.5 times higher today compared to 1960, whereas NOx-emissions are 3.6 times higher. Other emissions show similar increases.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication29th International Symposium on Automotive Technology & Automation
    Number of pages408
    Place of PublicationCroydon, England
    PublisherAutomotive Automation Limited
    Publication date1996
    Pages371-384
    ISBN (Print)0-947719-83-0
    Publication statusPublished - 1996
    EventInternational Symposium on Automotive Technology & Automation : The Motor Vehicle and the Environment - Florence, Italy
    Duration: 1 Jan 1996 → …
    Conference number: 29

    Conference

    ConferenceInternational Symposium on Automotive Technology & Automation : The Motor Vehicle and the Environment
    Number29
    CityFlorence, Italy
    Period01/01/1996 → …

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