The Future Role of Human Operators in Highly Automated Electric Power Systems

Alexander Maria Prostejovsky, Christoph Brosinsky, Kai Heussen, Dirk Westermann, Jochen Kreusel, Mattia Marinelli*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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In the wake of the widespread deployment of Renewable Energy Sources (RESs) and the introduction of other distributed energy technologies, the grid exhibits faster and more intricate dynamics. A lot of attention is therefore being put on automated grid management systems, which entail a shift in the role and tasks of human operators in the Control Rooms (CRs). Given the rapid pace of development, the question ultimately arises if human guidance is necessary at all to safely operate the grid. This work investigates the prospective role of the human operators in CRs under consideration of cognitive challenges in highly automated power systems, aiming to maintain safe and efficient grid operation. A review on relevant literature casts light on the scope of influence of automated grid management systems, the operational states of power system that will still require human assistance, as well as activities and interactions. Finally, recommendations on the design of Decision Support Systems (DSS) supporting humans in their future role are provided.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105883
JournalElectric Power Systems Research
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Control Room
  • Decision Support Systems
  • Human Computer Interaction
  • Human Operators
  • Power System Management
  • Situation Awareness


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