The fate of mesenchymal stem cells is greatly influenced by the surface chemistry of silica nanoparticles in 3D hydrogel-based culture systems

Sheyda Darouie, Saeid Ansari Majd, Fatemeh Rahimi, Ehsan Hashemi, Maryam Kabirsalmani, Alireza Dolatshahi-Pirouz, Ayyoob Arpanaei*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Polymeric hydrogel-based 3D scaffolds are well-known structures, being used for cultivation and differentiation of stem cells. However, scalable systems that provide a native-like microenvironment with suitable biological and physical properties are still needed. Incorporation of nanomaterials into the polymeric systems is expected to influence the physical properties of the structure but also the stem cells fate. Here, alginate/gelatin hydrogel beads incorporated with mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) (average diameter 80.9 ± 10 nm) and various surface chemistries were prepared. Human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hASCs) were subsequently encapsulated into the alginate/gelatin/silica hydrogels. Incorporation of amine- and carboxyl-functionalized MSNs (A-MSNs and C-MSNs) significantly enhances the stability of the hydrogel beads. In addition, the expression levels of Nanog and OCT4 imply that the incorporation of A-MSNs into the alginate/gelatin beads significantly improves the proliferation and the stemness of encapsulated hASCs. Importantly, our findings show that the presence of A-MSNs slightly suppresses in vivo inflammation. In contrast, the results of marker gene expression analyses indicate that cultivation of hASCs in alginate beads incorporated with C-MSNs (10% w/w) leads to a heterogeneously differentiated population of the cells, i.e., osteocytes, chondrocytes, and adipocytes, which is not appropriate for both cell culture and differentiation applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number110259
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C: Materials for Biological Applications
Volume106
Number of pages12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Alginate bead
  • Gelatin
  • Mesoporous silica nanoparticle
  • Mesenchymal stem cell
  • 3D scaffold

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