The ESA climate change initiative: Satellite data records for essential climate variables

R. Hollmann, C.J. Merchant, R. Saunders, C. Downy, M. Buchwitz, A. Cazenave, E. Chuvieco, P. Defourny, G. De Leeuw, René Forsberg, T. Holzer-Popp, F. Paul, S. Sandven, S. Sathyendranath, M. Van Roozendael, W. Wagner

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Abstract

The European Space Agency (ESA) has launched the Climate Change Initiative (CCI) to provide satellite-based climate data records (CDRs) that meet the challenging requirements of the climate community. The aim is to realize the full potential of the long-term Earth observation (EO) archives that both ESA and third parties have established. This includes aspects of producing a CDR, which involve data acquisition, calibration, algorithm development, validation, maintenance, and provision of the data to the climate research community. The CCI is consistent with several international efforts targeting the generation of satellite derived climate data records. One focus of the CCI is to provide products for climate modelers who increasingly use satellite data to initialize, constrain, and validate models on a wide range of space and time scales.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Volume94
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)1541-1552
ISSN0003-0007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Satellites
  • Space applications
  • Climate models

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