The electrochemical impedance responses for different laboratory type metal hydride electrodes were successfully modeled and fitted to experimental data for AB5 type hydrogen storage alloys as well as one MgNi type electrode. The models fitted the experimental data remarkably well. Several AC equivalent circuits have been proposed in the literature. The experimental data, however, could not always be satisfactorily approximated. The approximation model presented here exhibits smooth fit to the experimental results for all frequencies in the whole range from 10 kHz to 0.1 mHz. Equivalent circuits, explaining the experimental impedances in a wide frequency range for electrodes of hydride forming materials mixed with copper powder, were obtained. Both charge transfer and spherical diffusion of hydrogen in the particles are important sub processes that govern the total rate of the electrochemical hydrogen absorption/desorption reaction. To approximate the experimental data, equations describing the current distribution in porous electrodes were needed. Indications of one or more parallel reduction/oxidation processes competing with the electrochemical hydrogen absorption/desorption reaction were observed. The impedance analysis was found to be an efficient method for characterizing metal hydride electrodes in situ.
Valøen, L. O., Lasia, A., Jensen, J. O., & Tunold, R. (2002). The electrochemical impedance of metal hydride electrodes. Electrochimica Acta, 47(18), 2871-2884. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0013-4686(02)00143-3