The efficacy of compounds with different polarities as antioxidant in emulsions with omega-3 lipids

Ann-Dorit Moltke Sørensen, Nina Skall Nielsen, Eric A. Decker, Mette Bruni Let, Xuebing Xu, Charlotte Jacobsen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


According to the so-called polar paradox hypothesis, the efficacy of an antioxidant in emulsions is highly affected by its polarity and thereby location in the different phases. However, other factors also affect the efficacy of antioxidants in multiphase systems. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of antioxidants [ascorbic acid, ascorbyl palmitate, ascorbyl CLA and CLA (conjugated linoleic acid)] with different polarities in two different emulsion systems: o/w emulsion (5% oil) and w/o emulsion (98% oil) stabilized with citrem and PGPR, respectively. The efficacy of the antioxidants was compared to their partitioning in an o/w emulsion system and to results obtained from different antioxidant assays: iron reducing power, chelating activity and radical scavenging activity. For the w/o emulsions the efficacy of the antioxidants followed the polar paradox hypothesis: ascorbyl palmitate = ascorbyl CLA > ascorbic acid ≥ CLA > reference. For the o/w emulsion the antioxidative effects were not in accordance with the polar paradox. In the beginning of the storage, ascorbyl palmitate and ascorbic acid were most efficient, however in the end they acted as prooxidants. Ascorbyl CLA was located at the interface but was inactive as an antioxidant. This may be due to impurities or interaction with citrem.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJ A O C S
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)489-502
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • partitioning
  • Antioxidant activity
  • W/O emulsion
  • O/W emulsion
  • Lipid oxidation


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