The effects of temperature on specific dynamic action and ammonia excretion in pikeperch (Sander lucioperca)

Michael Frisk, John Fleng Steffensen, Peter Vilhelm Skov

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The magnitude and kinetics of the postprandial metabolic response are strongly affected by temperature. From an aquaculture perspective, it is of interest to determine the temperature at which the lowest digestive energy expenses occur. We have previously demonstrated that the optimal aerobic scope for pikeperch ranges between 11°C and 27°C. The aim of the present study was to investigate the thermal biology of pikeperch, by examining how specific dynamic action (SDA) and total ammonia nitrogen excretion (TAN) are affected by temperature, within this optimal temperature range.From oxygen consumption rate and TAN excretion measurements, we established nitrogen quotients at 13°C, 19°C, and 25°C. Nitrogen quotients were used to calculate instantaneous protein catabolism at the different temperatures. We found, that protein usage (17%–29%) was unaffected by temperature during fasting, but increased significantly in the course of digestion, where it became the main energy source at all experimental temperatures. Energy spent on digestion and the relationship between excreted and ingested nitrogen were unchanged with temperature. However, SDA was of shorter duration at 19°C than at 13°C, and a smaller fraction of metabolic scope was utilized for digestion at 19°C, compared to at 25°C. We therefore conclude that 19°C is a more favorable metabolic temperature for this species.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAquaculture
Volume404-405
Pages (from-to)65-70
ISSN0044-8486
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • TAN
  • oxygen consumption rate
  • ṀO2
  • ammonia–N quotient
  • heat increment
  • SDA

Cite this

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title = "The effects of temperature on specific dynamic action and ammonia excretion in pikeperch (Sander lucioperca)",
abstract = "The magnitude and kinetics of the postprandial metabolic response are strongly affected by temperature. From an aquaculture perspective, it is of interest to determine the temperature at which the lowest digestive energy expenses occur. We have previously demonstrated that the optimal aerobic scope for pikeperch ranges between 11°C and 27°C. The aim of the present study was to investigate the thermal biology of pikeperch, by examining how specific dynamic action (SDA) and total ammonia nitrogen excretion (TAN) are affected by temperature, within this optimal temperature range.From oxygen consumption rate and TAN excretion measurements, we established nitrogen quotients at 13°C, 19°C, and 25°C. Nitrogen quotients were used to calculate instantaneous protein catabolism at the different temperatures. We found, that protein usage (17{\%}–29{\%}) was unaffected by temperature during fasting, but increased significantly in the course of digestion, where it became the main energy source at all experimental temperatures. Energy spent on digestion and the relationship between excreted and ingested nitrogen were unchanged with temperature. However, SDA was of shorter duration at 19°C than at 13°C, and a smaller fraction of metabolic scope was utilized for digestion at 19°C, compared to at 25°C. We therefore conclude that 19°C is a more favorable metabolic temperature for this species.",
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author = "Michael Frisk and Steffensen, {John Fleng} and Skov, {Peter Vilhelm}",
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The effects of temperature on specific dynamic action and ammonia excretion in pikeperch (Sander lucioperca). / Frisk, Michael; Steffensen, John Fleng; Skov, Peter Vilhelm.

In: Aquaculture, Vol. 404-405, 2013, p. 65-70.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effects of temperature on specific dynamic action and ammonia excretion in pikeperch (Sander lucioperca)

AU - Frisk, Michael

AU - Steffensen, John Fleng

AU - Skov, Peter Vilhelm

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N2 - The magnitude and kinetics of the postprandial metabolic response are strongly affected by temperature. From an aquaculture perspective, it is of interest to determine the temperature at which the lowest digestive energy expenses occur. We have previously demonstrated that the optimal aerobic scope for pikeperch ranges between 11°C and 27°C. The aim of the present study was to investigate the thermal biology of pikeperch, by examining how specific dynamic action (SDA) and total ammonia nitrogen excretion (TAN) are affected by temperature, within this optimal temperature range.From oxygen consumption rate and TAN excretion measurements, we established nitrogen quotients at 13°C, 19°C, and 25°C. Nitrogen quotients were used to calculate instantaneous protein catabolism at the different temperatures. We found, that protein usage (17%–29%) was unaffected by temperature during fasting, but increased significantly in the course of digestion, where it became the main energy source at all experimental temperatures. Energy spent on digestion and the relationship between excreted and ingested nitrogen were unchanged with temperature. However, SDA was of shorter duration at 19°C than at 13°C, and a smaller fraction of metabolic scope was utilized for digestion at 19°C, compared to at 25°C. We therefore conclude that 19°C is a more favorable metabolic temperature for this species.

AB - The magnitude and kinetics of the postprandial metabolic response are strongly affected by temperature. From an aquaculture perspective, it is of interest to determine the temperature at which the lowest digestive energy expenses occur. We have previously demonstrated that the optimal aerobic scope for pikeperch ranges between 11°C and 27°C. The aim of the present study was to investigate the thermal biology of pikeperch, by examining how specific dynamic action (SDA) and total ammonia nitrogen excretion (TAN) are affected by temperature, within this optimal temperature range.From oxygen consumption rate and TAN excretion measurements, we established nitrogen quotients at 13°C, 19°C, and 25°C. Nitrogen quotients were used to calculate instantaneous protein catabolism at the different temperatures. We found, that protein usage (17%–29%) was unaffected by temperature during fasting, but increased significantly in the course of digestion, where it became the main energy source at all experimental temperatures. Energy spent on digestion and the relationship between excreted and ingested nitrogen were unchanged with temperature. However, SDA was of shorter duration at 19°C than at 13°C, and a smaller fraction of metabolic scope was utilized for digestion at 19°C, compared to at 25°C. We therefore conclude that 19°C is a more favorable metabolic temperature for this species.

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