The effects of pre-salting methods on water distribution and protein denaturation of dry salted and rehydrated cod – A low-field NMR study

María Guðjónsdóttir, Sigurjón Arason, Turid Rustad

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Low field Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (LF-NMR) relaxation time measurements were used to evaluate the effect of different pre-salting methods (brine injection of salt and/or phosphates followed by brining, solely brining, pickling and kench salting) on the protein denaturation and change in muscle properties during the production steps of dry salted cod fillets followed by rehydration. The NMR relaxation curves were affected by the salting method and represented well the structural differences between the salting methods at each processing step. Significant correlations were observed between the NMR relaxation parameters and all physicochemical quality properties measured, except the cooking yield, when samples from all processing stages were analyzed together. The longitudinal relaxation time T1, and the faster relaxing transverse relaxation time T21 were shown to be especially sensitive to protein denaturation in the fillets. The water distribution indicated that the salting and rehydration processes changed the cells irreversibly. The study indicated that pre-brining by brine injection followed by brining, with low salt concentrations, led to the least protein denaturation during the dry salting and rehydration process.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Food Engineering
Volume104
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)23-29
ISSN0260-8774
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Low-field NMR
  • Dry salted cod (bacalao)
  • Process control
  • Salting methods
  • Relaxation times

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