The effects of adding group-based lifestyle counselling to individual counselling on changes in plasma glucose levels in a randomized controlled trial: The Inter99 study

C. Lau, D. Vistisen, U. Toft, Inge Tetens, C. Glümer, O. Pedersen, T. Jørgensen, K. Borch-Johnsen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

AimThis study aimed to assess whether group-based lifestyle counselling offered to a high-risk population subgroup had any effect beyond individual multifactorial interventions on fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and 2-h plasma glucose (2hPG) changes. MethodsIn a population-based study of 6784 participants, 4053 were determined to be at high risk based on a risk estimate of ischaemic heart disease or the presence of risk factors (smoking, hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia, obesity, impaired glucose tolerance). Of these subjects, 90% were randomized to high-intensity intervention (group A) and 10% to low-intensity intervention (group B). All participants went through health examinations, risk assessments and individual lifestyle counselling. Participants in group A were further offered group-based lifestyle counselling. The intervention was repeated after 1 and 3 years. A total of 2738 participants free of diabetes at baseline (1999–2001) and with at least one FPG and/or 2hPG measurement during 5 years of follow-up were included in the analyses. Differences in changes of plasma glucose between groups A and B were analyzed using multilevel linear regression. ResultsFor FPG, crude 5-year changes were significantly different between the two groups (group A: −0.003 mmol/L vs group B: −0.079 mmol/L; P=0.0427). After adjusting for relevant confounders, no differences in FPG changes were observed (P=0.116). Also, no significant differences in the 5-year changes in 2hPG between the two groups were observed (group A: − 0.127 mmol/L vs group B: −0.201 mmol/L; P=0.546). ConclusionOffering additional group-based intervention to a high-risk population subgroup had no clinical effects on changes in plasma glucose beyond those of individualized multifactorial interventions.
Original languageEnglish
JournalDiabetes & Metabolism
Volume37
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)546-552
ISSN1262-3636
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Randomized trial
  • Lifestyle counselling
  • High-risk population
  • Plasma glucose
  • Group-based counselling

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