The effect of short-term, high-dose oral N-acetylcysteine treatment on oxidative stress markers in cystic fibrosis patients with chronic P-aeruginosa infection - A pilot study

Marianne Skov, Tacjana Pressler, Jens Lykkesfeldt, Henrik Enghusen Poulsen, Peter Ostrup Jensen, Helle Krogh Johansen, Tavs Qvist, Dorthe Kraemer, Niels Hoiby, Oana Ciofu

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection have increased oxidative stress as a result of an imbalance between the production of reactive oxygen species caused by inflammation and their inactivation by the impaired antioxidant systems. Supplementation with anti-oxidants is potentially beneficial for CF patients. Methods: The effect of 4 weeks of oral N-acetylcysteine (NAC) treatment (2400 mg/day divided into two doses) on biochemical parameters of oxidative stress was investigated in an open-label, controlled, randomized trial on 21 patients; 11 patients in the NAC group and 10 in the control group. Biochemical parameters of oxidative burden and plasma levels of antioxidants were assessed at the end of the study and compared to the baseline values in the two groups. Results: A significant increase in the plasma levels of the antioxidant ascorbic acid (p = 0.037) and a significant decrease in the levels of the oxidized form of ascorbic. acid (dehydroascorbate) (p = 0.004) compared to baseline were achieved after NAC treatment. No significant differences were observed in the control group. The parameters of oxidative burden did not change significantly compared to baseline in either of the groups. A better lung function was observed in the NAC treated group with a mean (SD) change compared to baseline of FEV1% predicted of 2.11 (4.6), while a decrease was observed in the control group (change 1.4 (4.6)), though not statistically significant. Conclusion: Treatment with N-acetylcysteine 1200 mg x 2/day for 30 days significantly decreased the level of oxidized vitamin C and increased the level of vitamin C (primary end-points) and a not statistically significant improvement of lung function was observed in this group of patients.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Cystic Fibrosis
Volume14
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)211-218
Number of pages8
ISSN1569-1993
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • N-acetylcysteine
  • Antioxidants
  • Oxidative stress
  • Ascorbic acid

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The effect of short-term, high-dose oral N-acetylcysteine treatment on oxidative stress markers in cystic fibrosis patients with chronic P-aeruginosa infection - A pilot study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this