The effect of pure oxygenated biofuels on efficiency and emissions in a gasoline optimised disi engine

Tara Larsson*, Senthil Krishnan Mahendar, Anders Christiansen-Erlandsson, Ulf Olofsson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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The negative impact of transport on climate has led to incentives to increase the amount of renewable fuels used in internal combustion engines (ICEs). Oxygenated, liquid biofuels are promising alternatives, as they exhibit similar combustion behaviour to gasoline. In this article, the effect of the different biofuels on engine efficiency, combustion propagation and emissions of a gasoline-optimised direct injected spark ignited (DISI) engine were evaluated through engine experiments. The experiments were performed without any engine hardware modifications. The investigated fuels are gasoline, four alcohols (methanol, ethanol, n-butanol and iso-butanol) and one ether (MTBE). All fuels were tested at two speed sweeps at low and mid load conditions, and a spark timing sweep at low load conditions. The oxygenated biofuels exhibit increased efficiencies, even at non-knock-limited conditions. At lower loads, the oxygenated fuels decrease CO, HC and NOx emissions. However, at mid load conditions, decreased volatility of the alcohols leads to increased emissions due to fuel impingement effects. Methanol exhibited the highest efficiencies and significantly increased burn rates compared to the other fuels. Gasoline exhibited the lowest level of PN and PM emissions. N-butanol and iso-butanol show significantly increased levels of particle emissions compared to the other fuels.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3908
Issue number13
Number of pages24
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Biofuels
  • DISI engine
  • Efficiency
  • Emissions
  • Engine performance
  • Oxygenated fuels
  • Particle emissions
  • Renewable fuels


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