The effect of net metering methods on prosumer energy settlements

Charalampos Ziras, Lisa Calearo, Mattia Marinelli*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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    Net metering is a well-known mechanism, where only energy exchanges of prosumers with the grid are accounted for in settlements. What is less known is the subtleness of the metering practices of energy suppliers behind the reported energy values. This paper discusses the implications of applying different net metering methods on a prosumer's energy exchanges with the grid, and subsequently the effect on costs and self-consumption. The methods differ on whether netting is based on each individual phase (or on the overall energy flow) and the netting interval used for settlement. Besides describing and illustrating those differences, real data from a Danish household is used to quantify their impact. Results show that self-consumption increases from 38% to 53%, when moving from instantaneous per phase netting to hourly summation netting. The corresponding annual energy imports decrease from 1459 kWh to 1087 kWh. The economic implications of applying different netting methods are quantified and discussed, and we show that annual savings of at least €50 can be achieved by simply switching to a summation smart meter.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number100519
    JournalSustainable Energy, Grids and Networks
    Number of pages9
    Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021

    Bibliographical note

    Funding Information:
    The authors would like to acknowledge the support of the Danish research project ACDC (EUDP grant nr. 64019–0541 ) - and the European research project Insulae - (H2020 grant nr: 824433 ) -

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2021 The Author(s)


    • Energy metering
    • Net metering
    • Prosumer
    • Self-consumption
    • Smart meter


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