The effect of intramolecular quantum modes on free energy relationships for electron transfer reactions

Jens Ulstrup, Joshua Jortner

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Abstract

A general quantum mechanical description of exothermic electron transfer reactions is formulated by treating such reactions as the nonradiative decay of a ''supermolecule'' consisting of the electron donor, the electron acceptor, and the polar solvent. In particular, the role of the high-frequency intramolecular degrees of feedom on the free energy relationship for series of closely related reactions was investigated for various model systems involving displacement of potential energy surfaces, frequency shift, and anharmonicity effects. The free energy plots are generally found to pass through a maximum and to be asymmetric with a slower decrease in the transition probability with increasing energy of reaction. For high-frequency intramolecular modes this provides a rationalization of the experimental observation of ''activationless'' regions. Isotope effects are discussed as also are the oscillatory free energy relationships, predicted for low temperatures and high frequencies, and which are analogous to the vibrational structure in optical transitions. The Journal of Chemical Physics is copyrighted by The American Institute of Physics.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume63
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)4358-4368
ISSN0021-9606
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1975

Bibliographical note

Copyright (1975) American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics.

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