The phase transition behavior of a lipid bilayer of dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphalidylcholine/distearoyl-sn- glycero-3-phosphatidylcholine (DMPC-d54/DSPC) (1:1) on a solid support with varying curvatures was investigated with differential scanning calorimetry, infrared spectroscopy, and model calculations, With increasing curvature the temperatures of the liquidus and solidus points are shifted to lower values by up to 7 degrees C and 15 degrees C, and the mixing of the two lipid species in the two phase region is altered, With increasing curvature the DSPC dominates the gel phase, whereas the DMPC-d54 is expelled to the fluid phase. Whereas the planar system shows a nearly simultaneous phase transition of DSPC and DMPC-d54, the spherical system with the highest curvature exhibits an almost complete separation of the phase transitions of the two lipids. Model calculations suggest that the shift of the liquidus point can be understood as a reduction of the lateral pressure in the bilayer with increasing curvature. The shift of the solidus line is interpreted as a result of the increased demixing of the two components in the two-phase region with increasing curvature due to lowering of the lateral pressure.
|Publication status||Published - 1996|