The Effect of Electrical Polarization on Electronic Structure in LSM Electrodes: An Operando XAS, RIXS and XES Study

Marie Lund Traulsen, H.W.P. Carvalho, Philipp Zielke, J.-D. Grunwaldt

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The influence of electrical polarization on Mn in La0.5Sr0.5MnO3±δ electrodes has been investigated by operando High Energy Resolved Fluorescence Detected X-Ray Absorption Near-Edge Structure (HERFD-XANES) spectroscopy, Kβ X-ray Emission Spectroscopy (XES) and Resonant Inelastic X-ray Scattering (RIXS) at the Mn K-edge. The study of polarization induced changes in the electronic properties and structure has been carried out at 500°C in 10–20% O2 with electrical polarization applied in the range from −850 mV to 800 mV. Cathodic polarizations in the range −600 mV to −850 mV induced a shift in the Mn K edge energy towards lower energies. The shift is assigned to a decrease in the average Mn oxidation state, which based on Kβ XES changes from 3.4 at open circuit voltage to 3.2 at −800 mV applied potential. Furthermore, RIXS rendered pronounced changes in the population of the Mn 3d orbitals, due to filling of the Mn d-orbitals during the cathodic polarization. Overall, the study experimentally links the electrical polarization of LSM electrodes to the structural and electronic properties of Mn - these properties are expected to be of major importance for the electrocatalytic performance of LSM electrode towards the oxygen reduction reaction.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of The Electrochemical Society
Issue number10
Pages (from-to) F3064-F3072
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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© The Author(s) 2017. Published by ECS. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (CC BY,, which permits unrestricted reuse of the work in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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