The effect of demagnetization on the magnetocaloric properties of gadolinium

Christian Robert Haffenden Bahl, Kaspar Kirstein Nielsen

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Gadolinium displays a strong magnetocaloric effect at temperatures close to room temperature making it useful in the field of room temperature magnetic refrigeration. We discuss the importance of including the effects of the demagnetization field when considering the magnetocaloric properties of gadolinium. The adiabatic temperature change DeltaTad of gadolinium sheets upon application of a magnetic field has been measured at a range of applied magnetic fields and sample orientations. A significant dependence of DeltaTad on the sample orientation is observed. This can be accounted for by the demagnetization factor. Also, the temperature dependence of DeltaTad has been measured experimentally and modeled by mean field theory. Corrections to mean field theory modeling due to the demagnetization field are proposed and discussed. ©2009 American Institute of Physics
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)013916
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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Copyright (2009) American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics.


  • Magnetic refrigeration
  • Fuel Cells and hydrogen


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