The effect of ageing and in vitro exposure to xylene and KCl on [Ca2+](i) in synaptosomes from rats exposed prenatally to xylene

S. Edelfors, Ulla Hass, A. Ravn-Jonsen, S. P. Lund

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Female rats (Mol:WIST) were exposed prenatally to 500 p.p.m, of technical xylene on days 7-20. At the age of fourteen months the rats were sacrified and the synaptosomal fraction prepared for in vivo studies. The cytosolic calcium concentration was measured using the FURA-2 technique. The cytosolic calcium was increased in synaptosomes from old rats compared to those from rats at the age of three months, but no effect of prenatal exposure was seen. When synaptosomes were incubated with xylene, potassium or both, the cytosolic calcium concentration was changed identically in all groups of rats. When synaptosomes were incubated simultaneously to xylene and potassium a dramatical leakage of FURA-2 was observed. The mechanisms behind the membrane leakage are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPharmacology and Toxicology
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)409-412
Publication statusPublished - 1996

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