The effect of A-site deficiency on the performance of La1-sFe0.4Ni0.6O3-delta cathodes

Kent Kammer Hansen

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    Abstract

    The effect of lowering the A-site stoichiometry of La-Fe-Ni based perovskite solid oxide fuel cell cathodes was investigated with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy on cone-shaped electrodes using a Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 electrolyte. It was shown that a lowering of the A-site stoichiometry lowers the amount of Ni in the perovskite phase, as powder XRD revealed that NiO was expelled from the perovskite lattice when the A-site stoichiometry was decreased. NiO inhibit the reduction of oxygen as the activity of a nominally A-site deficient La1-sFe0.4Ni0.6O3- perovskite was worse than the activity of the corresponding LaFe0.4+sNi0.6-sO3- perovskite without NiO. NiO is therefore poison for the reduction of oxygen at the cathode in a solid oxide fuel cell.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalMaterials Research Bulletin
    Volume45
    Issue number2
    Pages (from-to)197-199
    ISSN0025-5408
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

    Keywords

    • Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
    • Fuel Cells and hydrogen

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