The economics of hybrid power systems for sustainable desert agriculture in Egypt

S.M. Kamel, C. Dahl

    Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Egypt has embarked on an ambitious desert land reclamation program in order to increase total food production. Energy planners for these desert agriculture locations have chosen diesel generation power technology because minimization of the initial capital cost of a power supply system is their top priority. This heavy reliance on diesel generation has negative effects on the surrounding environment including soil, groundwater, and air pollution. Although good solar and wind resource prospects exist for the use of cleaner hybrid power systems in certain desert locations, little research has been done to investigate the economic potential of such systems in Egypt’s desert agriculture sector. Using optimization software, we assess the economics of hybrid power systems versus the present diesel generation technology in a remote agricultural development area. We also consider the emission reduction advantages of using hybrid systems. Interestingly enough, optimization results show that hybrid systems are less costly than diesel generation from a net present cost perspective even with the high diesel fuel price subsidies. Since hybrids are also more environmentally friendly, they represent a strong step towards achieving sustainable desert agricultur
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalEnergy
    Volume30
    Issue number8
    Pages (from-to)1271-1281
    ISSN0360-5442
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2005
    Event2nd Dubrovnik Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems - Dubrovnik, Croatia
    Duration: 2 Jun 20027 Jun 2002

    Conference

    Conference2nd Dubrovnik Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems
    CountryCroatia
    CityDubrovnik
    Period02/06/200207/06/2002

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