The CsBr-AlBr3 Phase Diagram and The Crystal Structure of CsAlBr4.

Rolf W. Berg

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Abstract

The phase diagram in the CsBr-AlBr3 system has been reinvestigated. An adjusted liquidus diagram is given, showing the compound CsAlBr4 which melts congruently at 360 oC. The lack of consistency among previous results is presumably due to the presence of oxide impurities formed by attack of bromide on the silica ampul walls. Some molten salt density data are given. The CsAlBr4 crystal structure has been solved in the orthorhombic space group Pnma, no. 62 (D2h16), with a = 12.2137(20) , b = 7.5304(14) and c = 9.9293(16) Å, by means of X-ray powder diffraction and full-profile Rietveld refinements, converging with RP = 0.0952 and RWP = 0.1236 (Rexpected = 0.0509 , "goodness of fit" = 2.42, Bragg R-factor = 0.0419, and derived R-F = 0.0458). The AlBr4 tetrahedron is almost regular with Al-Br bond distances in the range 2.20-2.35 Å, in accordance with what is to be expected from previous related structure determinations.
Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Chem, Scand.
Volume51
Pages (from-to)455-461
Publication statusPublished - 1997

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