The CHAOS-4 geomagnetic field model

Nils Olsen, H. Lühr, Chris Finlay, T. J. Sabaka, I. Michaelis, J. Rauberg, Lars Tøffner-Clausen

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Abstract

We present CHAOS-4, a new version in the CHAOS model series, which aims to describe the Earth's magnetic field with high spatial and temporal resolution. Terms up to spherical degree of at least n = 85 for the lithospheric field, and up to n = 16 for the time-varying core field are robustly determined.

More than 14 yr of data from the satellites Ørsted, CHAMP and SAC-C, augmented with magnetic observatory monthly mean values have been used for this model. Maximum spherical harmonic degree of the static (lithospheric) field is n = 100. The core field is expressed by spherical harmonic expansion coefficients up to n = 20; its time-evolution is described by order six splines, with 6-month knot spacing, spanning the time interval 1997.0-2013.5. The third time derivative of the squared radial magnetic field component is regularized at the core-mantle boundary. No spatial regularization is applied to the core field, but the high-degree lithospheric field is regularized for n > 85.

CHAOS-4 model is derived by merging two submodels: its low-degree part has been derived using similar model parametrization and data sets as used for previous CHAOS models (but of course including more recent data), while its high-degree lithospheric field part is solely determined from low-altitude CHAMP satellite observations taken during the last 2 yr (2008 September-2010 September) of the mission. We obtain a good agreement with other recent lithospheric field models like MF7 for degrees up to n = 85, confirming that lithospheric field structures down to a horizontal wavelength of 500 km are currently robustly determined.
Original languageEnglish
JournalGeophysical Journal International
Volume197
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)815-827
ISSN0956-540X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Cite this

Olsen, Nils ; Lühr, H. ; Finlay, Chris ; Sabaka, T. J. ; Michaelis, I. ; Rauberg, J. ; Tøffner-Clausen, Lars. / The CHAOS-4 geomagnetic field model. In: Geophysical Journal International. 2014 ; Vol. 197, No. 2. pp. 815-827.
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The CHAOS-4 geomagnetic field model. / Olsen, Nils; Lühr, H.; Finlay, Chris; Sabaka, T. J.; Michaelis, I.; Rauberg, J.; Tøffner-Clausen, Lars.

In: Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 197, No. 2, 2014, p. 815-827.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - The CHAOS-4 geomagnetic field model

AU - Olsen, Nils

AU - Lühr, H.

AU - Finlay, Chris

AU - Sabaka, T. J.

AU - Michaelis, I.

AU - Rauberg, J.

AU - Tøffner-Clausen, Lars

PY - 2014

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N2 - We present CHAOS-4, a new version in the CHAOS model series, which aims to describe the Earth's magnetic field with high spatial and temporal resolution. Terms up to spherical degree of at least n = 85 for the lithospheric field, and up to n = 16 for the time-varying core field are robustly determined.More than 14 yr of data from the satellites Ørsted, CHAMP and SAC-C, augmented with magnetic observatory monthly mean values have been used for this model. Maximum spherical harmonic degree of the static (lithospheric) field is n = 100. The core field is expressed by spherical harmonic expansion coefficients up to n = 20; its time-evolution is described by order six splines, with 6-month knot spacing, spanning the time interval 1997.0-2013.5. The third time derivative of the squared radial magnetic field component is regularized at the core-mantle boundary. No spatial regularization is applied to the core field, but the high-degree lithospheric field is regularized for n > 85.CHAOS-4 model is derived by merging two submodels: its low-degree part has been derived using similar model parametrization and data sets as used for previous CHAOS models (but of course including more recent data), while its high-degree lithospheric field part is solely determined from low-altitude CHAMP satellite observations taken during the last 2 yr (2008 September-2010 September) of the mission. We obtain a good agreement with other recent lithospheric field models like MF7 for degrees up to n = 85, confirming that lithospheric field structures down to a horizontal wavelength of 500 km are currently robustly determined.

AB - We present CHAOS-4, a new version in the CHAOS model series, which aims to describe the Earth's magnetic field with high spatial and temporal resolution. Terms up to spherical degree of at least n = 85 for the lithospheric field, and up to n = 16 for the time-varying core field are robustly determined.More than 14 yr of data from the satellites Ørsted, CHAMP and SAC-C, augmented with magnetic observatory monthly mean values have been used for this model. Maximum spherical harmonic degree of the static (lithospheric) field is n = 100. The core field is expressed by spherical harmonic expansion coefficients up to n = 20; its time-evolution is described by order six splines, with 6-month knot spacing, spanning the time interval 1997.0-2013.5. The third time derivative of the squared radial magnetic field component is regularized at the core-mantle boundary. No spatial regularization is applied to the core field, but the high-degree lithospheric field is regularized for n > 85.CHAOS-4 model is derived by merging two submodels: its low-degree part has been derived using similar model parametrization and data sets as used for previous CHAOS models (but of course including more recent data), while its high-degree lithospheric field part is solely determined from low-altitude CHAMP satellite observations taken during the last 2 yr (2008 September-2010 September) of the mission. We obtain a good agreement with other recent lithospheric field models like MF7 for degrees up to n = 85, confirming that lithospheric field structures down to a horizontal wavelength of 500 km are currently robustly determined.

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JO - Geophysical Journal International

JF - Geophysical Journal International

SN - 0956-540X

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ER -