The Biomass Mission: Objectives and Requirements

Thuy Le Toan, Jerome Chave, Jørgen Dall, Kostas Papathanassiou, Philippe Paillou, Markus Rechstein, Shaun Quegan, Sassan Saatchi, Klaus Seipel, Hank Shugart, Stefano Tebaldini, Lars Ulander, Mathew Williams

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The Earth Explorer Biomass mission will provide the scientific community with accurate maps of tropical, temperate and boreal forest biomass, including height and disturbance patterns. This information is urgently needed to improve our understanding of the global carbon cycle and to reduce uncertainties in the calculation of carbon stocks and fluxes associated to the terrestrial biosphere. It is also crucial for approaches to managing climate, such as the UNFCCC initiative known as Reducing Emissions through Degradation and Deforestation (REDD+), aimed at climate change mitigation through conservation and better management of tropical forests The required measurements are forest biomass and forest height at resolution of 200 m, and detection of deforestation at 50 m. Global maps of biomass are required with accuracy of 20% (or l0 t ha-1 when above-ground biomass are less than 50 t ha-1). To achieve this Biomass will be implemented as a P-band SAR mission. It will exploit the unique sensitivity of P-band SAR together with advanced retrieval methods including polarimetric interferometry (Pol-InSAR) and SAR tomography to measure biomass, height and disturbances across the entire biomass range every 6 months. The mission will also support important secondary objectives, including sub-surface imaging in arid zones, production of a bare-earth DTM and ice applications.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIGARSS 2018 - IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium
PublisherIEEE
Publication date2018
Pages8563-8566
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5386-7150-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event2018 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2018) - Valencia, Spain
Duration: 22 Jul 201827 Jul 2018

Conference

Conference2018 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2018)
CountrySpain
CityValencia
Period22/07/201827/07/2018

Keywords

  • BIOMASS mission
  • Carbon cycle
  • REDD+
  • Above-ground biomass
  • Forest height
  • Polarimetric interferometry
  • SAR tomography

Cite this

Toan, T. L., Chave, J., Dall, J., Papathanassiou, K., Paillou, P., Rechstein, M., ... Williams, M. (2018). The Biomass Mission: Objectives and Requirements. In IGARSS 2018 - IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (pp. 8563-8566). IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2018.8518491
Toan, Thuy Le ; Chave, Jerome ; Dall, Jørgen ; Papathanassiou, Kostas ; Paillou, Philippe ; Rechstein, Markus ; Quegan, Shaun ; Saatchi, Sassan ; Seipel, Klaus ; Shugart, Hank ; Tebaldini, Stefano ; Ulander, Lars ; Williams, Mathew. / The Biomass Mission: Objectives and Requirements. IGARSS 2018 - IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. IEEE, 2018. pp. 8563-8566
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abstract = "The Earth Explorer Biomass mission will provide the scientific community with accurate maps of tropical, temperate and boreal forest biomass, including height and disturbance patterns. This information is urgently needed to improve our understanding of the global carbon cycle and to reduce uncertainties in the calculation of carbon stocks and fluxes associated to the terrestrial biosphere. It is also crucial for approaches to managing climate, such as the UNFCCC initiative known as Reducing Emissions through Degradation and Deforestation (REDD+), aimed at climate change mitigation through conservation and better management of tropical forests The required measurements are forest biomass and forest height at resolution of 200 m, and detection of deforestation at 50 m. Global maps of biomass are required with accuracy of 20{\%} (or l0 t ha-1 when above-ground biomass are less than 50 t ha-1). To achieve this Biomass will be implemented as a P-band SAR mission. It will exploit the unique sensitivity of P-band SAR together with advanced retrieval methods including polarimetric interferometry (Pol-InSAR) and SAR tomography to measure biomass, height and disturbances across the entire biomass range every 6 months. The mission will also support important secondary objectives, including sub-surface imaging in arid zones, production of a bare-earth DTM and ice applications.",
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author = "Toan, {Thuy Le} and Jerome Chave and J{\o}rgen Dall and Kostas Papathanassiou and Philippe Paillou and Markus Rechstein and Shaun Quegan and Sassan Saatchi and Klaus Seipel and Hank Shugart and Stefano Tebaldini and Lars Ulander and Mathew Williams",
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Toan, TL, Chave, J, Dall, J, Papathanassiou, K, Paillou, P, Rechstein, M, Quegan, S, Saatchi, S, Seipel, K, Shugart, H, Tebaldini, S, Ulander, L & Williams, M 2018, The Biomass Mission: Objectives and Requirements. in IGARSS 2018 - IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. IEEE, pp. 8563-8566, 2018 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2018), Valencia, Spain, 22/07/2018. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2018.8518491

The Biomass Mission: Objectives and Requirements. / Toan, Thuy Le; Chave, Jerome; Dall, Jørgen; Papathanassiou, Kostas; Paillou, Philippe; Rechstein, Markus; Quegan, Shaun; Saatchi, Sassan; Seipel, Klaus; Shugart, Hank; Tebaldini, Stefano; Ulander, Lars; Williams, Mathew.

IGARSS 2018 - IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. IEEE, 2018. p. 8563-8566.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - The Biomass Mission: Objectives and Requirements

AU - Toan, Thuy Le

AU - Chave, Jerome

AU - Dall, Jørgen

AU - Papathanassiou, Kostas

AU - Paillou, Philippe

AU - Rechstein, Markus

AU - Quegan, Shaun

AU - Saatchi, Sassan

AU - Seipel, Klaus

AU - Shugart, Hank

AU - Tebaldini, Stefano

AU - Ulander, Lars

AU - Williams, Mathew

PY - 2018

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N2 - The Earth Explorer Biomass mission will provide the scientific community with accurate maps of tropical, temperate and boreal forest biomass, including height and disturbance patterns. This information is urgently needed to improve our understanding of the global carbon cycle and to reduce uncertainties in the calculation of carbon stocks and fluxes associated to the terrestrial biosphere. It is also crucial for approaches to managing climate, such as the UNFCCC initiative known as Reducing Emissions through Degradation and Deforestation (REDD+), aimed at climate change mitigation through conservation and better management of tropical forests The required measurements are forest biomass and forest height at resolution of 200 m, and detection of deforestation at 50 m. Global maps of biomass are required with accuracy of 20% (or l0 t ha-1 when above-ground biomass are less than 50 t ha-1). To achieve this Biomass will be implemented as a P-band SAR mission. It will exploit the unique sensitivity of P-band SAR together with advanced retrieval methods including polarimetric interferometry (Pol-InSAR) and SAR tomography to measure biomass, height and disturbances across the entire biomass range every 6 months. The mission will also support important secondary objectives, including sub-surface imaging in arid zones, production of a bare-earth DTM and ice applications.

AB - The Earth Explorer Biomass mission will provide the scientific community with accurate maps of tropical, temperate and boreal forest biomass, including height and disturbance patterns. This information is urgently needed to improve our understanding of the global carbon cycle and to reduce uncertainties in the calculation of carbon stocks and fluxes associated to the terrestrial biosphere. It is also crucial for approaches to managing climate, such as the UNFCCC initiative known as Reducing Emissions through Degradation and Deforestation (REDD+), aimed at climate change mitigation through conservation and better management of tropical forests The required measurements are forest biomass and forest height at resolution of 200 m, and detection of deforestation at 50 m. Global maps of biomass are required with accuracy of 20% (or l0 t ha-1 when above-ground biomass are less than 50 t ha-1). To achieve this Biomass will be implemented as a P-band SAR mission. It will exploit the unique sensitivity of P-band SAR together with advanced retrieval methods including polarimetric interferometry (Pol-InSAR) and SAR tomography to measure biomass, height and disturbances across the entire biomass range every 6 months. The mission will also support important secondary objectives, including sub-surface imaging in arid zones, production of a bare-earth DTM and ice applications.

KW - BIOMASS mission

KW - Carbon cycle

KW - REDD+

KW - Above-ground biomass

KW - Forest height

KW - Polarimetric interferometry

KW - SAR tomography

U2 - 10.1109/IGARSS.2018.8518491

DO - 10.1109/IGARSS.2018.8518491

M3 - Article in proceedings

SP - 8563

EP - 8566

BT - IGARSS 2018 - IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

PB - IEEE

ER -

Toan TL, Chave J, Dall J, Papathanassiou K, Paillou P, Rechstein M et al. The Biomass Mission: Objectives and Requirements. In IGARSS 2018 - IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. IEEE. 2018. p. 8563-8566 https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2018.8518491