The Baltic Sea Experiment (BALTEX): A European contribution to the investigation of the energy and water cycle over a large drainage basin

E. Raschke, J. Meywerk, K. Warrach, U. Andrea, S. Bergström, F. Beyrich, F. Bosveld, K. Bumke, C. Fortelius, L.P. Graham, Sven-Erik Gryning, S. Halldin, L. Hasse, M. Heikinheimo, H.J. Isemer, D. Jacob, I. Jauja, K.G. Karlsson, S. Keevallik, J. KoistinenA. van Lammeren, U. Lass, J. Launianen, A. Lehmann, B. Liljebladh, M. Lobmeyr, W. Matthaus, T. Mengelkamp, D.B. Michelson, J. Napiorkowski, A. Omstedt, J. Piechura, B. Rockel, F. Rubel, E. Ruprecht, A.S. Smedman, A. Stigebrandt

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    The Baltic Sea Experiment (BALTEX) is one of the five continental-scale experiments of the Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX). More than 50 research groups from 14 European countries are participating in this project to measure and model the energy and water cycle over the large drainage basin of the Baltic Sea in northern Europe. BALTEX aims to provide a better understanding of the processes of the climate system and to improve and to validate the water cycle in regional numerical models for weather forecasting and climate studies. A major effort is undertaken to couple interactively the atmosphere with the vegetated continental surfaces and the Baltic Sea including its sea ice. The intensive observational and modeling phase BRIDGE, which is a contribution to the Coordinated Enhanced Observing Period of GEWEX, will provide enhanced datasets for the period October 1999-February 2002 to validate numerical models and satellite products. Major achievements have been obtained in an improved understanding of related exchange processes. For the first time an interactive atmosphere-ocean-land surface model for the Baltic Sea was tested. This paper reports on major activities and some results.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalBulletin of the American Meteorological Society
    Volume82
    Issue number11
    Pages (from-to)2389-2413
    ISSN0003-0007
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2001

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