The age at which Noble Prize research is conducted

R. Bjørk*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Nobel Laureates are used as a proxy to study at what age scientists produce their most groundbreaking work. We determine the average age of Nobel Laureates at the time that their Prize-winning research was conducted. This is done using the Advanced Information document with scientific background information published by the Nobel Foundation for every awarded Nobel Prize since 1995 for physics and economics, 2000 for chemistry and 2006 for physiology or medicine. For all Laureates their average age when their Prize-winning research was conducted was 44.1±9.7, with Laureates in physics generally being younger compared to the other fields. It is shown to be statistically significant that Laureates in physics have published their Nobel Prize winning works within a shorter span of years compared to the other fields, whereas Laureates in economics use a longer span of years. The number of papers cited by the Nobel Foundation for each Laureate was found to be 9.6±8.6, with Laureates in physics have significantly fewer papers cited compared to the other fields, 5.4±4.8, while Laureates in economics have significantly more, 17.3±11.5. Finally, we find that Laureates wait an average of 22.3±10.8 years between conducting their prize-winning research and receiving the Nobel Prize.
Original languageEnglish
JournalScientometrics
Volume119
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)931-939
ISSN0138-9130
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Nobel Prize
  • Age
  • Highest-impact work
  • Number of papers
  • Waiting time
  • Average age

Cite this

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title = "The age at which Noble Prize research is conducted",
abstract = "Nobel Laureates are used as a proxy to study at what age scientists produce their most groundbreaking work. We determine the average age of Nobel Laureates at the time that their Prize-winning research was conducted. This is done using the Advanced Information document with scientific background information published by the Nobel Foundation for every awarded Nobel Prize since 1995 for physics and economics, 2000 for chemistry and 2006 for physiology or medicine. For all Laureates their average age when their Prize-winning research was conducted was 44.1±9.7, with Laureates in physics generally being younger compared to the other fields. It is shown to be statistically significant that Laureates in physics have published their Nobel Prize winning works within a shorter span of years compared to the other fields, whereas Laureates in economics use a longer span of years. The number of papers cited by the Nobel Foundation for each Laureate was found to be 9.6±8.6, with Laureates in physics have significantly fewer papers cited compared to the other fields, 5.4±4.8, while Laureates in economics have significantly more, 17.3±11.5. Finally, we find that Laureates wait an average of 22.3±10.8 years between conducting their prize-winning research and receiving the Nobel Prize.",
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The age at which Noble Prize research is conducted. / Bjørk, R.

In: Scientometrics, Vol. 119, No. 2, 2019, p. 931-939.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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N2 - Nobel Laureates are used as a proxy to study at what age scientists produce their most groundbreaking work. We determine the average age of Nobel Laureates at the time that their Prize-winning research was conducted. This is done using the Advanced Information document with scientific background information published by the Nobel Foundation for every awarded Nobel Prize since 1995 for physics and economics, 2000 for chemistry and 2006 for physiology or medicine. For all Laureates their average age when their Prize-winning research was conducted was 44.1±9.7, with Laureates in physics generally being younger compared to the other fields. It is shown to be statistically significant that Laureates in physics have published their Nobel Prize winning works within a shorter span of years compared to the other fields, whereas Laureates in economics use a longer span of years. The number of papers cited by the Nobel Foundation for each Laureate was found to be 9.6±8.6, with Laureates in physics have significantly fewer papers cited compared to the other fields, 5.4±4.8, while Laureates in economics have significantly more, 17.3±11.5. Finally, we find that Laureates wait an average of 22.3±10.8 years between conducting their prize-winning research and receiving the Nobel Prize.

AB - Nobel Laureates are used as a proxy to study at what age scientists produce their most groundbreaking work. We determine the average age of Nobel Laureates at the time that their Prize-winning research was conducted. This is done using the Advanced Information document with scientific background information published by the Nobel Foundation for every awarded Nobel Prize since 1995 for physics and economics, 2000 for chemistry and 2006 for physiology or medicine. For all Laureates their average age when their Prize-winning research was conducted was 44.1±9.7, with Laureates in physics generally being younger compared to the other fields. It is shown to be statistically significant that Laureates in physics have published their Nobel Prize winning works within a shorter span of years compared to the other fields, whereas Laureates in economics use a longer span of years. The number of papers cited by the Nobel Foundation for each Laureate was found to be 9.6±8.6, with Laureates in physics have significantly fewer papers cited compared to the other fields, 5.4±4.8, while Laureates in economics have significantly more, 17.3±11.5. Finally, we find that Laureates wait an average of 22.3±10.8 years between conducting their prize-winning research and receiving the Nobel Prize.

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