The 2010-2011 Canterbury, New Zealand, seismic sequence: Multiple source analysis from InSAR data and modeling

Simone Atzori, Cristiano Tolomei, A. Antonioli, John Peter Merryman Boncori, S. Bannister, Elisa Trasatti, Paolo Pasquali, Stefano Salvi

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The 2010-2011 Canterbury sequence is a complex system of seismic events that started with a Mw 7.1 earthquake and continued with large aftershocks with dramatic consequences, particularly for the city of Christchurch. We model the main earthquakes using InSAR data, providing displacement maps and the respective modeling for the September 4th, 2010, February 22nd, 2011 and June 13th, 2011 events. Relocated aftershocks, field and GPS surveys are used to constrain models obtained by inversion of InSAR data; the fault slip distribution is retrieved with a variable patch size approach aimed at maximizing the spatial resolution on the fault plane. For the September 2010 earthquake we estimated significant slip values below 10 km depth; the calamitous February 2011 event in Christchurch is modeled with a double fault source with slip values less than 2 m down to 7 km depth; for the second June 13th event in Christchurch we identified a NW-SE striking fault as responsible for the earthquake. Last, we introduce the use of InSAR coherence maps to quickly detect the areas subject to soil liquefaction in Christchurch, as shown for the two main events.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberB08305
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Volume117
Issue number8
Number of pages16
ISSN2169-9380
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Cite this