Thawing permafrost creates risks to the environment, economy and culture in Arctic coastal communities. Identification of these risks and the inclusion of the societal context and the relevant stakeholder involvement is crucial in risk management and for future sustainability, yet the dual dimensions of risk and risk perception is often ignored in conceptual risk frameworks. In this paper we present a risk framework for Arctic coastal communities. Our framework builds on the notion of the dual dimensions of risk, as both physically and socially constructed, and it places risk perception and the coproduction of risk management with local stakeholders as central com-ponents into the model. Central to our framework is the importance of multidisciplinary collabora-tion. A conceptual model and processual framework with a description of successive steps is developed to facilitate the identification of risks of thawing permafrost in a collaboration between local communities and scientists. Our conceptual framework motivates coproduction of risk management with locals in the identification of these risks from permafrost thaw and the development of adaptation and mitigation strategies.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Nunataryuk project, funded by the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under grant agreement No. 773421.
Thank you to Jonathan William Wood for assistance with proof reading, and to Levi Westerveld at GRID-Arendal for graphical illustrations - Figures 2 and 3. Figure 1 was produced as part of the Nunataryuk project, which has received funding under the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under grant agreement No. 773421.
- Climate change
- Human exposure