Textured multilayered piezoelectric structures for energy conversion

Astri Bjørnetun Haugen*, Erling Ringgaard, Franck Levassort

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Piezoelectric materials are essential for the conversion between mechanical and electrical energy, for example in ultrasound imaging and vibrational energy harvesting. Here, we are making and exploring the effects of a new design: co-sintered multilayers with texture (grains of a preferential crystallographic direction). The motivation is the combination of increased piezoelectric response in certain crystallographic directions; multilayer structures where thick films rather than bulk materials can allow higher frequency operation and large area; and co-sintering to avoid detrimental effects from gluing layers together. Samples of the lead-free piezoelectric material Li0.06(K0.52Na0.48)0.94Nb0.71Ta0.29O3 with 0.25 mol% Mn (KNNLTM) were made by tape casting and co-sintering. NaNbO3 platelets with (100) orientation which were used as templates to introduce texture, and polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) was used as a pore forming agent for making porous substrates. The electrical impedances of the co-sintered samples were recorded and analyzed by equivalent electrical circuit modelling. A texture up to 85% in the [100] crystallographic direction was obtained. The samples displayed ferro- and piezoelectricity, with a maximum thickness coupling coefficient (kt = 0.18) between mechanical and electrical energy in the most textured sample. This demonstrates that the introduction of texture in multilayered, co-sintered piezoelectrics shows promise for improving devices for ultrasound imaging or energy harvesting.
Original languageEnglish
Article number015002
JournalJournal of Physics: Energy
Volume2
Issue number1
Number of pages11
ISSN2515-7655
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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