Textured multilayered piezoelectric structures for energy conversion

Astri Bjørnetun Haugen*, Erling Ringgaard, Franck Levassort

*Corresponding author for this work

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Piezoelectric materials are essential for the conversion between mechanical and electrical energy, for example in ultrasound imaging and vibrational energy harvesting. Here, we are making and exploring the effects of a new design: co-sintered multilayers with texture (grains of a preferential crystallographic direction). The motivation is the combination of increased piezoelectric response in certain crystallographic directions; multilayer structures where thick films rather than bulk materials can allow higher frequency operation and large area; and co-sintering to avoid detrimental effects from gluing layers together. Samples of the lead-free piezoelectric material Li0.06(K0.52Na0.48)0.94Nb0.71Ta0.29O3 with 0.25 mol% Mn (KNNLTM) were made by tape casting and co-sintering. NaNbO3 platelets with (100) orientation which were used as templates to introduce texture, and polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) was used as a pore forming agent for making porous substrates. The electrical impedances of the co-sintered samples were recorded and analyzed by equivalent electrical circuit modelling. A texture up to 85% in the [100] crystallographic direction was obtained. The samples displayed ferro- and piezoelectricity, with a maximum thickness coupling coefficient (kt = 0.18) between mechanical and electrical energy in the most textured sample. This demonstrates that the introduction of texture in multilayered, co-sintered piezoelectrics shows promise for improving devices for ultrasound imaging or energy harvesting.
Original languageEnglish
Article number015002
JournalJournal of Physics: Energy
Issue number1
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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