Tetragonal tungsten bronze type phases (Sr1-xBax)0.6Ti0.2Nb0.8O3-δ: Material characterisation and performance as SOFC anodes

Andreas Kaiser, J.L. Bradley, P.R. Slater, J.T.S. Irvine

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The oxide material Sr0.2Ba0.4Ti0.2Nb0.8O3 was investigated for application as a potential anode material in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). Impedance spectroscopy in air and DC conductivity measurements under varying oxygen partial pressure revealed high electronic conductivity of 10 S cm−1 [p(O2)=10−20 atm and 930°C]. Additionally these anode materials were tested in SOFC single cells. AC-impedance measurements under operation showed a Warburg type behaviour, which indicated a diffusion limited process. This diffusion limitation is most likely due to either low oxide ion conduction of the anode or due to a reaction layer formed during sintering of the anode onto the electrolyte at the relatively high temperatures of above 1250°C. Reactivity tests between YSZ electrolyte material and the Sr0.2Ba0.4Ti0.2Nb0.8O3 anode up to 1300°C showed the formation of t-ZrO2.
© 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume135
Pages (from-to)519–524
ISSN0167-2738
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Solid oxide fuel cell
  • Anode materials
  • Tungsten bronze structures
  • Electrochemical performance

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