Testing of Ni-plated ferritic steel interconnect in SOFC stacks

K.A. Nielsen, A.R. Dinesen, L. Korcakova, L. Mikkelsen, P.V. Hendriksen, F.W. Poulsen

    Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Stack tests were run at 850 °C for periods from 80 hours to 1,150 hours to develop contacting procedures and at the same time evaluate the performance of a 5 μm electroplated nickel coating on a ferritic Fe22Cr interconnect. The metallic nickel coating reacted relatively quickly during the initial heating to 1,030 °C. During this time, 20–70 μm thick surface layers of austenitic steel were formed, which were covered by a 1–4 μm chromia layer on the anode side and by a layer of mixed Cr-Fe-Ni-spinels over a 1–4 μm chromia layer on the cathode side. The microstructure and composition of the protective scale on the cathode side was susceptible to pitting-type corrosion patterns, which may limit the life expectancy to less than 2,000 hours for the 200 μm thick interconnect tested. The initial area-specific resistances (ASR) at the interconnect/cathode current collector interface and the interconnect/anode current collector interface were very low (2 and 10 mΩ cm2, respectively). The cathode side interface resistance increased over the 1,150 hours by ∼7 mΩ cm2/103�h, but the anode side interface resistance decreased during the first 600 hours of the experiment before it started to show a slight increase, < 1 mΩ cm2/103�h, maintaining values below 1 mΩ cm2.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalFuel Cells
    Volume6
    Issue number2
    Pages (from-to)100-106
    ISSN1615-6846
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2006
    Event6th European Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Forum - Lucerne, Switzerland
    Duration: 28 Jun 20042 Jul 2004
    Conference number: 6
    http://www.efcf.com/past/

    Conference

    Conference6th European Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Forum
    Number6
    CountrySwitzerland
    CityLucerne
    Period28/06/200402/07/2004
    Internet address

    Keywords

    • Degradation
    • Diffusion
    • Interconnect
    • Interface
    • SOFC

    Cite this

    Nielsen, K. A., Dinesen, A. R., Korcakova, L., Mikkelsen, L., Hendriksen, P. V., & Poulsen, F. W. (2006). Testing of Ni-plated ferritic steel interconnect in SOFC stacks. Fuel Cells, 6(2), 100-106. https://doi.org/10.1002/fuce.200500114