Test and performance optimization of nozzle inclination angle and swirl combustor in a low-tar biomass gasifier: a biomass power generation system perspective

Md Mashiur Rahman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

A nozzle inclination angle and swirl combustor inside the low-tar biomass (LTB) gasifier reactor were tested and optimized to evaluate these effects on tar reduction to design tar-free producer gas. The tar reduction process is mainly based on the concept of a swirling flow created by the nozzle inclination angle, with the inclination angle of 55° to the radial line, allowing good mixing between pyrolysis gases and gasifying agents. A separate swirl combustor has created large internal annular and reverses flow zones with the help of swirl flow, resulting in homogenized temperature inside the combustor and providing longer residence time; both have a positive effect on the combustion of mixed gasifying air-pyrolysis gases by the thermal cracking in the partial oxidation zone. Recircling ratio (RR) and combustion degree of volatiles are the two optimization parameters for evaluating the performance of NIA and swirl combustor. The result observed that outstanding tar reduction occurred in this novel system. About 86.5 and 12.8% of tar compounds are broken down in the partial oxidation zone and pyrolysis zone using the novel swirl combustor and NIA, respectively; gas outlet has observed producer gas having tar concentration of less than 1%. The optimization results reveal that a lower recycling ratio (recycle gas/gasifying air) and a higher combustion degree of volatiles perform better in biomass gasification. Finally, this system generated producer gas with the tar concentration at an extremely low level of 7.4 mg/Nm3 for a biomass moisture content of 9% and appeared the lower heating value of 4.6–5.1 MJ/Nm3. This lower tar concentration might be directly coupled with an internal combustion engine or a gas turbine for power generation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCarbon Resources Conversion
ISSN2588-9133
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Biomass gasification
  • Downdraft moving bed gasifier
  • Nozzle inclination angle
  • Swirl combustor
  • Swirl flow
  • Tar Reduction

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Test and performance optimization of nozzle inclination angle and swirl combustor in a low-tar biomass gasifier: a biomass power generation system perspective'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this