Tensile Adhesion Strength of Biomass Ash Deposits: Effect of the Temperature Gradient and Ash Chemistry

Yashasvi Laxminarayan*, Akhilesh Balachandran Nair, Peter Arendt Jensen, Hao Wu, Flemming Jappe Frandsen, Bo Sander, Peter Glarborg

*Corresponding author for this work

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Replacing coal with biomass in power plants is a viable option for reducing net CO2 emissions and combating climate change. However, biomass combustion in boilers may exacerbate problems related to ash deposition and corrosion, demanding effective deposit removal. The tensile adhesion strength of model biomass ash deposits, containing mixtures of KCl, K2SO4, CaO, CaSO4, and K2Si4O9, has been investigated in this study. The deposits were prepared on superheater steel tubes and sintered in an oven. The superheater steel tube was cooled byair, incorporating a temperature gradient across the deposits. After sintering, the deposits were removed using an electrically controlled arm and the corresponding tensile adhesion strength was measured.The influence of the flue gas temperature (500–700 °C), steel surface temperature (500–650 °C), and deposit composition were investigated. The results revealed that increasing the flue gas temperature as well as the steel surface temperature led to a sharp increase in the tensile adhesion strength of the model deposits. The sharp increase was typically observed near the melting temperature (or deformation temperature) of the investigated model deposits. Furthermore, migration of molten/vapor species from the outer layer of the depositto the deposit–tube interface, causing liquid-state sintering, was observed at high flue gas temperatures, leading to an increase in the tensile adhesion strength. Varying the ash chemistry of the model deposits revealed that the melt fraction of the deposit was highly influential in determining the deposit adhesion strength. The addition of compounds that increased the melt fraction of the deposit increased the tensile adhesion strength, whereas the addition of inert compounds with a high melting point, such as CaO, decreased the tensile adhesion strength. Moreover, the results suggested that the adhesion strength of the deposits was influenced by the corrosion occurring at the deposit–tube interface.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergy and Fuels
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)4432-4441
Publication statusPublished - 2018


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