Temporal jitter disrupts speech intelligibility: A simulation of auditory aging

M. Kathleen Pichora-Fuller, Bruce A. Schneider, Ewen MacDonald, Hollis E. Pass, Sasha Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

We disrupted periodicity cues by temporally jittering the speech signal to explore how such distortion might affect word identification. Jittering distorts the fine structure of the speech signal with negligible alteration of either its long-term spectral or amplitude envelope characteristics. In Experiment 1, word identification in noise was significantly reduced in young, normal-hearing adults when sentences were temporally jittered at frequencies below 1.2kHz. The accuracy of the younger adults in identifying jittered speech in noise was similar to that found previously for older adults with good audiograms when they listened to intact speech in noise. In Experiment 2, to rule out the possibility that the reductions in word identification were due to spectral distortion, we also tested a simulation of cochlear hearing loss that produced spectral distortion equivalent to that produced by jittering, but this simulation had significantly less temporal distortion than was produced by jittering. There was no significant reduction in the accuracy of word identification when only the frequency region below 1.2kHz was spectrally distorted. Hence, it is the temporal distortion rather than the spectral distortion of the low-frequency components that disrupts word identification.
Keyword: Neural synchrony,Speech intelligibility,Word identiWcation,Aging,Temporal jitter
Original languageEnglish
JournalHearing Research
Volume223
Issue number1-2
Pages (from-to)114-121
ISSN0378-5955
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

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