Temperate phages TP901-1 and phi LC3, belonging to the P335 species, apparently use different pathways for DNA injection in Lactococcus lactis subsp cremoris 3107

Solvej Østergaard Breum, Horst Neve, Knut J. Heller, Finn K. Vogensen

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    Five mutants of Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris 3107 resistant to phage TP901-1 were obtained after treatment with ethyl methanesulfonate. Two of the mutants were also resistant to phage phi LC3. The remaining three mutants were as sensitive as 3107. Mutants E46 and E100 did not adsorb the two phages. Mutants E119, E121 and E126 adsorbed phage phi LC3 as well as 3107 but phage TP901-1 with significantly reduced efficiency. All, except E46, could be lysogenized with phage TP901-BC1034, a derivative of TP901-1 harboring an erythromycin-resistance marker. However, the lysogenization frequency was 10(3)-10(4) fold higher for 3107 than for the mutants. Mitomycin C induction of lysogenized mutants 3107 indicated that phage propagation was not affected in these four mutants. Electron microscopy and analysis of total DNA of infected cells showed that DNA was liberated from the phage particle during infection of strain 3107 with TP901-1 and that intracellular phage DNA replication occurred. This was not the case for mutants E121 and E126. This strongly suggests that some step starting with triggering DNA release and ending with DNA injection is impaired during infection with TP901-1. As such impairment was not seen when infecting E119, E121 and E126 with phi LC3, we conclude that TP901-1 and phi LC3 either are differently triggered by their receptor or utilize different pathways of injection.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalFEMS Microbiology Letters
    Issue number2
    Pages (from-to)156-164
    Publication statusPublished - 2007


    • Lactococcus lactis
    • phage adsorption
    • DNA injection
    • phage P335 species
    • TP901-1

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