Telemetry observations of predation and migration behaviour of brown trout (Salmo trutta ) smolts negotiating an artificial lake

Telemetry observations of smolts negotiating an artificial lake

Michael Schwinn, Henrik Baktoft, Kim Aarestrup, Martyn C. Lucas, Anders Koed*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Eutrophication of coastal areas as a consequence of the agricultural use of fertilizers is a widespread problem. The development of artificial lakes and constructed wetlands in nutrient‐rich rivers is a widely used management tool in the fight to decrease eutrophication. Juvenile salmonids that have to negotiate these lakes during their downstream migration to the sea are commonly subjected to high mortality due to increased predation pressure and delayed passage. In this study, we double tagged 39 brown trout smolts with passive integrated transponder and radio tags to gain further insight into predation rates and migration patterns during their passage of an artificial lake in a Danish lowland stream in the spring of 2016. Thirty‐four of the tagged smolts, caught and released upstream, entered the lake, of which 22 (65%) successfully exited the lake. Four smolts (12%) returned upstream to the river. Three smolts were predated in the lake by two northern pike (Esox lucius). Three tags were recovered from the lake bottom, and two disappeared out of the study area after a last detection in the lake. Tracking the smolts manually and by automatic listening stations showed highly erratic movement patterns during lake passage. Further, we observed long delays of up to 27 days after the smolts reached the river mouth and before they entered the sea, potentially due to low sea water temperature or due to the stocking of a large amount of hatchery‐reared brown trout smolts. The results are discussed in the context of abiotic and biotic factors, which differed considerably in the year 2016 compared with previous years
Original languageEnglish
JournalRiver Research and Applications
Volume34
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)898-906
ISSN1535-1459
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Cite this

@article{5339663c98d741159af18bb8acacfa4a,
title = "Telemetry observations of predation and migration behaviour of brown trout (Salmo trutta ) smolts negotiating an artificial lake: Telemetry observations of smolts negotiating an artificial lake",
abstract = "Eutrophication of coastal areas as a consequence of the agricultural use of fertilizers is a widespread problem. The development of artificial lakes and constructed wetlands in nutrient‐rich rivers is a widely used management tool in the fight to decrease eutrophication. Juvenile salmonids that have to negotiate these lakes during their downstream migration to the sea are commonly subjected to high mortality due to increased predation pressure and delayed passage. In this study, we double tagged 39 brown trout smolts with passive integrated transponder and radio tags to gain further insight into predation rates and migration patterns during their passage of an artificial lake in a Danish lowland stream in the spring of 2016. Thirty‐four of the tagged smolts, caught and released upstream, entered the lake, of which 22 (65{\%}) successfully exited the lake. Four smolts (12{\%}) returned upstream to the river. Three smolts were predated in the lake by two northern pike (Esox lucius). Three tags were recovered from the lake bottom, and two disappeared out of the study area after a last detection in the lake. Tracking the smolts manually and by automatic listening stations showed highly erratic movement patterns during lake passage. Further, we observed long delays of up to 27 days after the smolts reached the river mouth and before they entered the sea, potentially due to low sea water temperature or due to the stocking of a large amount of hatchery‐reared brown trout smolts. The results are discussed in the context of abiotic and biotic factors, which differed considerably in the year 2016 compared with previous years",
author = "Michael Schwinn and Henrik Baktoft and Kim Aarestrup and Lucas, {Martyn C.} and Anders Koed",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1002/rra.3327",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "898--906",
journal = "River Research and Applications",
issn = "1535-1459",
publisher = "John Wiley & Sons Ltd",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Telemetry observations of predation and migration behaviour of brown trout (Salmo trutta ) smolts negotiating an artificial lake

T2 - Telemetry observations of smolts negotiating an artificial lake

AU - Schwinn, Michael

AU - Baktoft, Henrik

AU - Aarestrup, Kim

AU - Lucas, Martyn C.

AU - Koed, Anders

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Eutrophication of coastal areas as a consequence of the agricultural use of fertilizers is a widespread problem. The development of artificial lakes and constructed wetlands in nutrient‐rich rivers is a widely used management tool in the fight to decrease eutrophication. Juvenile salmonids that have to negotiate these lakes during their downstream migration to the sea are commonly subjected to high mortality due to increased predation pressure and delayed passage. In this study, we double tagged 39 brown trout smolts with passive integrated transponder and radio tags to gain further insight into predation rates and migration patterns during their passage of an artificial lake in a Danish lowland stream in the spring of 2016. Thirty‐four of the tagged smolts, caught and released upstream, entered the lake, of which 22 (65%) successfully exited the lake. Four smolts (12%) returned upstream to the river. Three smolts were predated in the lake by two northern pike (Esox lucius). Three tags were recovered from the lake bottom, and two disappeared out of the study area after a last detection in the lake. Tracking the smolts manually and by automatic listening stations showed highly erratic movement patterns during lake passage. Further, we observed long delays of up to 27 days after the smolts reached the river mouth and before they entered the sea, potentially due to low sea water temperature or due to the stocking of a large amount of hatchery‐reared brown trout smolts. The results are discussed in the context of abiotic and biotic factors, which differed considerably in the year 2016 compared with previous years

AB - Eutrophication of coastal areas as a consequence of the agricultural use of fertilizers is a widespread problem. The development of artificial lakes and constructed wetlands in nutrient‐rich rivers is a widely used management tool in the fight to decrease eutrophication. Juvenile salmonids that have to negotiate these lakes during their downstream migration to the sea are commonly subjected to high mortality due to increased predation pressure and delayed passage. In this study, we double tagged 39 brown trout smolts with passive integrated transponder and radio tags to gain further insight into predation rates and migration patterns during their passage of an artificial lake in a Danish lowland stream in the spring of 2016. Thirty‐four of the tagged smolts, caught and released upstream, entered the lake, of which 22 (65%) successfully exited the lake. Four smolts (12%) returned upstream to the river. Three smolts were predated in the lake by two northern pike (Esox lucius). Three tags were recovered from the lake bottom, and two disappeared out of the study area after a last detection in the lake. Tracking the smolts manually and by automatic listening stations showed highly erratic movement patterns during lake passage. Further, we observed long delays of up to 27 days after the smolts reached the river mouth and before they entered the sea, potentially due to low sea water temperature or due to the stocking of a large amount of hatchery‐reared brown trout smolts. The results are discussed in the context of abiotic and biotic factors, which differed considerably in the year 2016 compared with previous years

U2 - 10.1002/rra.3327

DO - 10.1002/rra.3327

M3 - Journal article

VL - 34

SP - 898

EP - 906

JO - River Research and Applications

JF - River Research and Applications

SN - 1535-1459

IS - 8

ER -